ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

Advances in Psychological Science ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (11): 1910-1921.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01910

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 Occurrence, manifestation and the cause of externalizing problem behaviors in infancy

 XU Shaoyue; WANG Zhengyan   

  1.  (Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China)
  • Received:2016-12-09 Online:2017-11-15 Published:2017-09-25
  • Contact: WANG Zhengyan, E-mail:
  • Supported by:

Abstract:  Externalizing problem behaviors (EPB) refer to child’s negative outward reactions to the external environment. Previous research suggests that the onset of showing EPB starts from eight-month-old infant. EPB, including displaying anger/tantrum, noncompliance/defiance, aggression, destructive behaviors, hyperactivity and inattentive behaviors, may be explained by early life experiences and gene-environmental interactions. Moreover, using the perspective of differential susceptibility theory, the intervention for EPB can be tailored to infants with specific temperamental characteristics and vulnerable genes. The present literature review also proposed future directions to improve the limitations in the research field.

Key words: infant, externalizing problem behaviors, occurrence, manifestation, cause

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