ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (12): 2114-2124.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.02114

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


段锦云1(), 孙涵彬1, 孙佚思2   

  1. 1华东师范大学心理与认知科学学院, 上海 200062
    2苏州大学教育学院心理学系, 苏州 215123
  • 收稿日期:2019-11-24 出版日期:2020-12-15 发布日期:2020-10-26
  • 通讯作者: 段锦云
  • 基金资助:

Intentional concealment of personal information: Secrecy and its consequences and coping

DUAN Jinyun1(), SUN Hanbin1, SUN Yinsi2   

  1. 1School of Psychology and Cognitive Science, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
    2School of Education, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
  • Received:2019-11-24 Online:2020-12-15 Published:2020-10-26
  • Contact: DUAN Jinyun


藏秘在日常生活中十分常见, 但由于秘密的不公开性, 使得藏秘的研究发展缓慢。近年来学界主要关注藏秘的消极影响(如负担感及自我惩罚等), 而对藏秘的积极影响研究(如社会保护及亲社会谎言等)较少。学者们提出了秘密抑制模型、专注模型、持续性思维模型和共享现实理论等来解释消极影响的机制, 并发现通过吐露秘密、发挥创造性、训练情绪标记和自我意识等途径可以应对藏秘的消极影响。未来研究应对藏秘的概念做出更准确统一的界定, 并寻求更精准特定的测量与操纵方式, 探索藏秘的积极结果及影响机制, 深化藏秘的理论研究, 并推动藏秘研究在不同领域的应用。

关键词: 藏秘, 回忆操纵, 秘密专注模型, 共享现实理论, 吐露秘密


Secrecy is quite common in daily life. However, the non-public nature of secrecy remains a large obstacle to the development of secrecy research. The exiting literature mainly centered on the negative effects of secrecy such as the sense of burden and self-punishment, while the positive impacts of secrecy (e.g., social protection and prosocial lies) lack attention. Scholars have proposed several frameworks such as inhibition model of secrecy, preoccupation model of secrecy, perseverative thinking model and shared reality theory that can be used to explain the mechanism of secrecy’s negative effects. Furthermore, the present research findings demonstrated that individuals can mitigate the negative influence of secrecy by means of confiding secrets, exerting creativity, training emotional markers and self-awareness. Having recognized the critical role of secrecy, future research can be improved with a more accurate and consistent conceptualization as well as a precise measurement and manipulation. In addition, the empirical research could be intensified by focusing more on the positive impacts and the mechanism of secrecy and enhancing its application in different fields.

Key words: secrecy, recall manipulation, preoccupation model of secrecy, shared reality theory, confiding secrets