ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (12): 2102-2113.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.02102

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


徐科朋1,2, 杨凌倩1, 吴家虹1, 薛宏1,2, 张姝玥1,2()   

  1. 1广西师范大学教育学部心理学系, 桂林 510000
    2广西师范大学认知神经科学与应用心理广西高校重点实验室, 桂林 510000
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-01 出版日期:2020-12-15 发布日期:2020-10-26
  • 通讯作者: 张姝玥
  • 基金资助:

Application of the CNI model in the studies of moral decision

XU Kepeng1,2, YANG Lingqian1, WU Jiahong1, XUE Hong1,2, ZHANG Shuyue1,2()   

  1. 1Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 510000, China
    2Key Laboratory of Cognitive Neuroscience and Applied Psychology, Guangxi Normal University, Guilin 510000, China
  • Received:2020-06-01 Online:2020-12-15 Published:2020-10-26
  • Contact: ZHANG Shuyue


道德决策是指个体面临两种或两种以上道德观或道德需求之间的冲突时, 对行为和行为结果进行利弊权衡并做出最终选择。道德两难困境是研究道德决策的经典范式, 而传统道德两难困境范式受到诸多质疑, 道德两难困境的不现实性及缺乏有效指标量化功利论和道义论倾向, 无法对道德决策进行准确解释。针对传统道德两难困境范式不足, 道德决策CNI模型通过多项式建模的方法, 分别计算个体对结果(Consequences)的敏感性、对道德规范(moral Norms)的敏感性以及个体的行为反应偏好(Inaction versus action), 能够更清晰的识别影响道德决策的重要因素。未来研究应围绕影响道德决策的其他因素、道德情境的生态效度以及跨文化适用性等方面继续完善CNI模型, 并进一步探索道德决策的潜在心理机制。

关键词: 道德决策, 道德两难困境, CNI模型, 双加工理论


Moral decision-making is operationalized by the final choice making after weighing the advantages and disadvantages of behaviors and their following outcomes, when an individual faces a moral dilemma with conflicting moral values or needs. The traditional moral dilemma is though a classical and established paradigm for studying moral decision, however, still has been widely criticized for its unrealistic scenarios and lack of effective indicators to quantify utilitarian and deontological response, which strongly affect the accurate interpretation of moral decision-making. To overcome the shortcomings of traditional moral dilemma paradigm, the CNI model of moral decision-making uses multinomial modeling to quantify the individual sensitivity regarding consequences and moral norms, and general behavioral preference, and therefore can more clearly identify the factors that affect moral decision-making. Future research should focus on further factors that affect moral decision-making, the ecological validity of moral scenarios, and cross-cultural generalisability to optimize the CNI model, and the investigation of the underlying psychological mechanism of moral decision-making.

Key words: moral decision, moral dilemma, CNI model, dual processing theory