ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (2): 305-315.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00305

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


张静1, 陈巍2()   

  1. 1 杭州电子科技大学心理健康研究所, 杭州 310018
    2 绍兴文理学院心理学系, 浙江 绍兴 312000
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-08 出版日期:2020-02-15 发布日期:2019-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈巍
  • 基金资助:
    * 教育部人文社会科学青年基金(17YJCZH243);国家社科基金青年项目(16CZX015);浙江省社科联研究课题(2018B03)

Sense of body ownership and its plasticity: Based on the perspectives from the studies of interoception and exteroception

ZHANG Jing1, CHEN Wei2()   

  1. 1 Institute of Psychological Health, Hangzhou Dianzi University, Hangzhou 310018, China
    2 Department of Psychology, Shaoxing University, Shaoxing 312000, China
  • Received:2019-04-08 Online:2020-02-15 Published:2019-12-25
  • Contact: CHEN Wei


身体自我表征中的身体拥有感(即我的身体属于我的感受)问题一直是自我意识研究的核心话题。大量的已有研究表明, 身体拥有感的体验涉及不同感官信号的整合, 当前大多数研究只重视视觉、触觉等外感受的作用, 一方面忽视了内感受的作用, 另一方面也缺乏对两类感受整合的关注。橡胶手错觉实验和身体障碍患者身上所表现出的外感受和内感受对身体拥有感的影响支持了身体拥有感的可塑性假设, 自由能量原理认为身体拥有感形成的基础是大脑不断评估更新可能性表征来维持稳定。未来的研究需要从改善内感受的测量和刺激呈现方法, 探索影响内感受的高阶认知因素以及关注某些神经症患者的内感受等方面寻求突破。

关键词: 身体拥有感, 可塑性, 多感官整合, 内感受, 自由能量原理


Sense of body ownership (that one’s body belongs to oneself) in bodily self-representation has always been a core topic in the research of self-consciousness. A good deal of studies indicated that the experience of bodily ownership involves integrating different sensory signals from both outside and inside environments. However, most studies put emphasis on the roles of exteroception such as vison or touch thus neglected the importance of interoception as well as the integration of exteroception and interoception. The effects of exteroception and interoception that revealed by rubber hand illusion experiments and bodily self-disorders support the plasticity hypothesis of sense of body ownership, and the free energy principle proposes a hypothesis that the basis of sense of self is that the brain constantly evaluates and updates possible representations to maintain stability. Future studies need to seek breakthroughs in improving the measurement and presentations of interoception, exploring the higher-level cognitive factors that affect interoception, and paying attention to the interoceptive aspects of patients with specific disorders.

Key words: sense of body ownership, plasticity, multisensory integration, interoception, free energy principle