ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (12): 2064-2071.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.02064

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1辽宁师范大学脑与认知神经科学研究中心, 大连 116029) (2江西师范大学心理学院, 南昌 330022)
  • 收稿日期:2015-04-20 出版日期:2015-12-15 发布日期:2015-12-15
  • 通讯作者: 李富洪,
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(31571118, 31300844)、辽宁省高等学校优秀人才计划的支持。

Cognitive and Emotional Activities of Guilt and the Corresponding Brain Network

LENG Bingbing1; WANG Xiangling1; GAO Heming1; LI Fuhong1,2   

  1. (1 Research Center of Brain and Cognitive Science, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China)
    (2 School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China)
  • Received:2015-04-20 Online:2015-12-15 Published:2015-12-15
  • Contact: LI Fuhong,


内疚是个体做出危害他人的行为或违反道德准则之后产生的良心上的反省, 对行为负有责任的一种负性体验。内疚在道德规范和人际社会中具有重要的作用。研究者主要采取自我报告范式、情境模拟范式、过失范式和经济博弈范式考察内疚的发生发展及其功能。近年来, 研究者尝试揭示内疚脑机制, 研究发现内疚主要激活前额叶皮层和脑岛等脑区, 前额叶可能与内疚的认知成分相关, 而脑岛主要与内疚的情绪成分相关。未来的研究需要采用多种技术手段进一步考察内疚的认知神经机制。

关键词: 内疚, 高级情绪, 前额叶, 脑岛


Guilt is a kind of introspection of one’s conscience after s/he harms others or violates the moral rules, and guilt is also a negative emotional experience responsible for such behavior. It plays an important role in our moral rules and interpersonal society. Researchers mainly used paradigms such as self-report, situational simulation, mishap and economic game to investigate the occurrence, development and function of guilt. In recent years, they attempt to reveal the brain mechanism of guilt and have found that the main brain areas activated by guilt are prefrontal cortex and insula. According to these studies, prefrontal cortex may be related to the cognitive components of guilt, while insula mainly relates to its emotion components. More researches by using multiple advanced technologies and methods are necessary to further study the cognitive neural mechanism of guilt.

Key words: guilt, senior emotion, prefrontal cortex, insula