ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 30 ›› Issue (8): 1759-1769.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2022.01759

• 研究构想 • 上一篇    下一篇


刘薇(), 沈晓玲   

  1. 中央财经大学商学院, 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2021-11-16 出版日期:2022-08-15 发布日期:2022-06-23
  • 通讯作者: 刘薇
  • 基金资助:

A dynamic perspective on the relationship between team reflection-in-action and innovation: A moderated mediation model integrating cognition and emotion

LIU Wei(), SHEN Xiaoling   

  1. School of Business, Centural University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, 100081, China
  • Received:2021-11-16 Online:2022-08-15 Published:2022-06-23
  • Contact: LIU Wei


在复杂变化的市场环境中, 在我国实施创新驱动战略的背景下, 企业的长远发展需要依赖于团队创新以建立独特竞争优势。通过对已有团队反思与创新关系研究的梳理, 发现了二者间关系的黑箱, 理论认为回顾过去能够带来新思想和新变化, 然而针对其如何实现的过程机制的实证研究却十分匮乏。基于此, 在传统的行动后反思的思想基础上, 本研究提出团队行动中反思在概念内涵和实证测量上的区别, 检验行动中反思和行动后反思在不同创新阶段的差异性作用, 动态性分析创意形成和创意实施的行为结果, 通过整合动机性信息加工理论和情绪的社会功能视角, 提出认知层面的信息处理和情感层面的团队情绪这两种机制的耦合方式, 构建团队反思影响创新的整体模型, 并深入探讨影响作用的过程机制和边界条件, 以及对各阶段关系上情境因素的调节作用进行全面的分析, 为反思与创新理论和实践做出贡献。

关键词: 团队行动中反思, 团队创新, 信息处理, 团队情绪, 创新阶段过程


In a complex and changing market environment, and in the context of China's implementation of an innovation-driven strategy, companies will need to rely on team innovation to establish a unique competitive advantage for its long-term development. The procedural black box in the relationship between team reflection and team innovation has been identified after review of existing research. It has been suggested that reflecting the past can lead to new ideas and changes in the literature, but there is little empirical research conducted on how this is achieved. Based on the traditional idea of after-action reflection, this study proposes the differences in conceptual connotation and empirical measurement of in-action team reflection. Through an emphasis on the importance of reflection in the team processes, this will effectively promote information processing and emotional integration during team activities, help teams effectively resolve difficulties and problems encountered in the innovation stages, and prevent teams from deviating from team goals and make timely adjustments. In addition, this study examines the differential role of team reflection in different stages of innovation, dynamically analyzes the behavioral outcomes of creative formation and implementation, and proposes the coupling of the two mechanisms, namely information processing at the cognitive level and team emotion at the emotional level, by integrating the motivated information processing theory and the social functions of emotion, to construct an overall model of team reflection on innovation. This study also thoroughly explores the process mechanism, and includes a comprehensive analysis of the moderating role of contextual factors at each stage of the relationship to enhance the overall validity of the model.

Through the construction of the above theoretical model, exploring the process and conditions of the impact of reflection on innovation in teams, and the collection of empirical data for statistical analysis, this study will make the following three contributions theoretically and practically. First, this study specifically distinguishes the connotations and characteristics of in-action and after- action reflection. On this basis, this study explores the differential effects of the coupling of cognitive and emotional mechanisms in the different stages of innovation, expands the role of team emotions in existing cognitive mechanism, expects to expand the understanding and knowledge of the process and results of team reflection on innovation. Second, upon the motivated information processing theory and the social function of emotion, this study constructs a dynamic process of team reflection from an empirical perspective, and considers the role of team reflection in the different stages of innovation through dynamic and systematic views. Finally, multi methods have been conducted this study, such as in-depth interviews, questionnaires and experimental research, to cross-examine and approach the research questions from different perspectives. This study proposes the dynamic and situational characteristics of reflection in innovation, and uses a more comprehensive and scientific approach to analyze and validate the results to enhance the validity and persuasiveness of the research model.

Key words: team reflection-in-action, team innovation, information processing, team emotional tone, innovation stage