ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (5): 878-886.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00878

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


金 剑; 李 晔; 陈冬明; 郭凯娇   

  1. (华中师范大学人的发展与心理健康湖北省重点实验室, 青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 华中师范大学心理学院, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-21 出版日期:2017-05-15 发布日期:2017-05-15
  • 通讯作者: 李晔, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    人的发展与心理健康湖北省重点实验室(华中师范大学)开放课题(2016); 国家自然科学基金面上项目(项目批准号71171094)。

Effects and mechanisms of power and status on self-interested behavior

JIN Jian; LI Ye; CHEN Dongming; GUO Kaijiao   

  1. (Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province (CCNU), Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyber psychology and Behavior, Ministry of Education, School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2016-06-21 Online:2017-05-15 Published:2017-05-15
  • Contact: LI Ye, E-mail:


权力和地位对自利行为的影响不同。权力能够降低认知性观点采择水平, 进而使个体更加关注自身利益; 地位能够提升认知性观点采择水平, 进而使个体推测他人思想与感受, 考虑他人利益。然而, 权力和地位通过认知性观点采择对自利行为的影响可能受到情境性质的调节。今后的研究应该对这些关系和解释进行验证, 探索共情性关心的中介作用, 以及权力和地位影响认知性观点采择的调节变量; 探究权力和地位拥有者对群体内、外他人的自利行为差异; 探讨权力和地位的交互作用对自利行为的影响。

关键词: 权力, 地位, 自利行为, 认知性观点采择


Power and status have different effects on self-interested behavior. Power can diminish cognitive perspective-taking, thus making the individual concerned more about their own interests; status can enhance cognitive perspective-taking, thus impelling the individual to speculate others' thoughts and feelings as well as consider others' interests. However, the effects of power and status on self-interested behavior through cognitive perspective-taking may be moderated by situational properties. Future research should be done to validate these relations and explanations, to explore the mediating role of empathy concern, as well as the moderating variables in the influence of power and status on cognitive perspective-taking; to explore the difference of self-interested behavior of those who own status and power when treating others in the ingroup and outgroup; to investigate the influence of interactive effects of power and status on self-interested behavior.

Key words: power, status, self-interested behavior, cognitive perspective-taking