ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (9): 1485-1495.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01485

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (上海师范大学教育学院, 上海 200234)
  • 收稿日期:2015-10-07 出版日期:2016-09-15 发布日期:2016-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 崔丽莹, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


Fortune emotions: The analysis for the social comparison & cognitive appraisal process of envy

HE Xing; CUI Liying   

  1. HE Xing; CUI Liying
  • Received:2015-10-07 Online:2016-09-15 Published:2016-09-15
  • Contact: CUI Liying, E-mail:


妒忌是指意识到自己缺乏他人更优越的品质、成就或所有物而产生的自卑、敌意和怨恨等混合情绪, 妒忌者渴望得到妒忌目标的优势或希望妒忌目标失去优势。作为一种指向他人财富的复杂情绪, 善意妒忌和恶意妒忌会引发不同的行为结果, 这主要取决于个体对他人财富的认知评估过程。妒忌通常由向上的社会比较而产生, 社会事件应得性、主观公平感、核心自我评价等认知都会对妒忌产生影响。本文从社会比较判断、认知加工过程和神经生理功能等角度来分析妒忌的产生过程和认知机制。基于现有不足, 未来的研究可以在妒忌情绪的发展特征、妒忌体验的测量方法和妒忌功能的分化等方面进一步完善。

关键词: 妒忌类型, 社会比较, 应得性, 主观公平感, 认知加工过程


Envy is a mixed emotion that arises when a person lacks other’s superior quality, achievement, or possession with feelings of inferiority, hostility and resentment, and enviers desire to gain advantage from the envied objects or hope them to lose superiority. As a complex emotion directing to other’s fortune, benign envy and malicious envy will trigger different action tendencies, and mainly depend on the cognitive appraisal process from individual to other’s good fortune. Envy arises from upward social comparison, and then the social events deservingness, subjective fairness and core self-appraisal all impact it. This article analyzes the cognitive psychological process and developing process of envy from social comparison perception, cognitive processing and neurophysiology function. Based on deficiency of the current researches, future research may further improve the aspects of the development and early cognitive basis of envy, measurement methods, and differentiation of motive functions.

Key words: types of envy, social comparison, deservingness, subjective fairness, cognitive processing