ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (9): 1427-1434.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.01427

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


方平1;马 焱1 ;朱文龙1;姜 媛2   

  1. (1首都师范大学心理学系, 北京市“学习与认知”重点实验室, 北京 100048) (2北京体育大学运动心理学教研室, 北京 100084)
  • 收稿日期:2015-09-30 出版日期:2016-09-15 发布日期:2016-09-15
  • 通讯作者: 朱文龙, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


The status and issues of research on self-esteem

FANG Ping1; MA Yan1; ZHU Wenlong1; JIANG Yuan2   

  1. (1 Beijing Key Laboratory of Learning and Cognition, Department of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing 100048, China) (2 Division of Sport Psychology, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China)
  • Received:2015-09-30 Online:2016-09-15 Published:2016-09-15
  • Contact: ZHU Wenlong, E-mail:


自尊概念从诞生以来一直受到不同领域研究者的广泛关注。但在诸多研究和理论的推进之下, 对于其概念内涵与外延的界定并没有达成统一, 与相关概念之间也存在一定程度的混淆与误用。研究以历史为线索, 对自尊概念发展进程中最具影响力的几种观点进行了总结与评述, 并对相关概念进行了比较与辨析。在此基础上, 研究还对现阶段自尊研究的热点话题——真实自尊的概念进行了梳理, 明确了其与虚假自尊或过分追求的自尊之间的本质差异, 即自尊的权变性与条件性, 以期为后续实证研究的展开提供依据。

关键词: 自尊, 真实自尊, 权变性, 条件性


Self-esteem has been intensively studied by researchers from various fields of psychology since this concept was raised. Yet despite all the efforts of numerous researches and theories, there has been no widely-accepted conclusion about the essential of the concept. Much confusion and misunderstanding about the concept of self-esteem still exist. Based on the developmental history of self-esteem, the present paper reviews several most influential theories involving researches on self-esteem and compares various related concepts. Furthermore, the paper introduces the true self-esteem which is the focus topic in recent years, suggesting that contingency and conditionality are essential differences between true self-esteem and non-true concepts. This research could provide the theoretical basis for further experimental studies.

Key words: self-esteem, true self-esteem, contingency, conditionality