ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (12): 2131-2146.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2021.02131

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


冯杰1, 徐娟2, 伍新春3()   

  1. 1北京电子科技学院, 北京 100070
    2北京联合大学特殊教育学院, 北京 100075
    3北京师范大学心理学部, 应用实验心理北京市重点实验室, 儿童阅读与学习研究中心, 北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-24 发布日期:2021-10-26
  • 通讯作者: 伍新春
  • 基金资助:

The influence of blindness on auditory vocabulary recognition

FENG Jie1, XU Juan2, WU Xinchun3()   

  1. 1Beijing Electronic Science and Technology Institute, Beijing 100070, China
    2Special Education College, Beijing Union University, Beijing 100075, China
    3Research Center of Children's Reading and Learning, Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2021-02-24 Published:2021-10-26
  • Contact: WU Xinchun


听觉词汇识别包含复杂的认知加工过程。视觉通道受阻的盲人在听觉词汇加工中具有一定听觉补偿优势; 但由于视觉经验的缺失, 盲人对一些视觉相关词(比如颜色词)的语义加工和理解比明眼人弱。未来的研究应对词汇的视觉相关性进行分类讨论; 对音、形、义等多层面及其神经生理机制进行深入探究, 发展符合盲人感知特点的听觉词汇加工模型; 并拓展不同年龄段的发展性研究。最终, 揭示视觉经验缺失对盲人听觉词汇识别影响机制的全貌。

关键词: 盲人, 听觉词汇识别, 语音, 语义, 字形


Auditory vocabulary recognition involves complex cognitive processing. Blind people have been reported to exhibit specific advantages in auditory vocabulary processing. However, because of the lack of visual experience, blind people exhibit weaker semantic processing and understanding of some vision-related words (such as color words) compared with individuals with normal vision. Future research should focus on the following issues: examining the visual relevance of vocabulary recognition; carrying out in-depth explorations of cognitive and neurophysiological processing mechanisms at different levels, including phonology, orthography, and semantics; developing auditory vocabulary processing models that reflect the characteristics of blind people's perception; and expanding developmental studies with people of different ages. Taken together, this research may be useful for revealing the mechanisms underlying the influence of blindness on auditory vocabulary recognition among blind people.

Key words: blind people, auditory vocabulary recognition, phonology, semantics, orthography