ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (7): 1108-1117.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.01108

• 研究构想 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. 复旦大学旅游学系, 上海 200433
  • 收稿日期:2019-12-02 出版日期:2020-07-15 发布日期:2020-05-21
  • 通讯作者: 施媛媛
  • 基金资助:
    * 国家自然科学基金青年项目(项目编号:71901072)

Multicultural competence in a global milieu: Theoretic model, and application mechanism in cross-cultural collaboration

SHI Yuanyuan()   

  1. Department of Tourism, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China
  • Received:2019-12-02 Online:2020-07-15 Published:2020-05-21
  • Contact: SHI Yuanyuan


全球化带来了丰富的多元文化经验, 开阔了人们视野的同时, 也造成了认知负担, 进而可能引发对外文化群体的抵触情绪和排斥行为。多元文化经验的普遍性和两面性突显了对其进行合理管理和灵活应用的重要性。然而, 现有的文化能力的理论大多在全球化研究早期提出, 已经无法应对全球化带来的新变化。在文化会聚主义理论框架下, 将文化视为动态发展的系统, 建构以元知识为核心的多元文化能力模型将有助于深入理解全球化问题。新模型的效用检验计划从文化知识管理和群际接触应对两方面检验多元文化能力在跨文化合作情境中的效用与机制, 以期为全球化环境中个人与组织开展跨文化交流与合作的实践提供理论指导。

关键词: 多元文化能力, 全球化, 跨文化合作, 文化会聚主义


Multicultural experience is a double-edged sword in the context of globalization. It could provide ample cultural resources, help open minds and foster receptiveness to foreign cultures; meanwhile, it could also increase intergroup threat, tax cognition load, and further lead to negative emotions and resistant responses. The complex influences of multicultural experience highlight the importance of the ability to manage properly and deploy flexibly of context-appropriate cultural knowledge. However, most of the existing theories on cultural competence were proposed in the early period of global study, unable to meet the new challenges brought about by globalization. To shed light on the key elements to improve intercultural effectiveness, we reconstructed multicultural competence from the perspective of polyculturalism (i.e., emphasizing the hybridity of culture), and proposed the central role meta-knowledge (i.e., the knowledge of cultural knowledge) play in improving intercultural effectiveness. We developed a line of studies to examine the new model of multicultural competence, test its role in cross-cultural collaboration, and recover its underlying mechanism. Through these studies, we hope to deepen the understanding of globalization, and provide theoretical guidance for cross-cultural collaboration in a global environment.

Key words: multicultural competence, globalization, cross-cultural collaboration, polyculturalism