ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (1): 1-12.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00001

• 社会心理服务:研究与实践 •    下一篇


明志君1,2, 陈祉妍1()   

  1. 1中国科学院心理健康重点实验室(中国科学院心理研究所), 100101 北京
    2 中国科学院大学心理学系, 100049 北京
  • 收稿日期:2019-03-16 出版日期:2020-01-15 发布日期:2019-11-21
  • 通讯作者: 陈祉妍
  • 基金资助:

Mental health literacy: Concept, measurement, intervention and effect

MING Zhi-jun1,2, CHEN Zhi-yan1()   

  1. 1 CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Beijing 100101, China
    2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-03-16 Online:2020-01-15 Published:2019-11-21
  • Contact: CHEN Zhi-yan


心理健康素养是促进心理健康的重要途径。狭义概念指帮助人们认识、处理和预防心理疾病的相关知识和信念; 广义概念指综合运用心理健康知识、技能和态度, 保持和促进心理健康的能力。心理健康素养常采用情景案例问卷、单维或多维评估量表等进行评估, 可以通过社会运动、学校教育、自助式应用程序、心理健康急救培训等方式进行有效干预提高, 其中心理健康知识、心理疾病识别、情绪调节、减少病耻感、积极的求助态度等成分都有促进心理健康的作用。未来研究可以在建构评估指标体系、探索作用机制、扩展涵盖群体与内容、加强实证干预研究等方面深入开展。

关键词: 心理健康素养, 概念, 评估, 干预


Mental health literacy (MHL) is important for improving mental health. In a narrow sense, it refers to the knowledge and beliefs about mental disorders which aid their recognition, management or prevention. In a broad sense, it refers to the comprehensive use of mental health knowledge, skills and attitudes to maintain and promote mental health. MHL is often measured by Vignette case questionnaire, and unidimensional or multi-dimensional scales. Interventions including social campaigns, school education, self-service application and Mental Health First Aid training can effectively improve MHL. Elements of MHL, including psychological health knowledge, mental disorder recognition, emotional regulation, anti-stigma, and help-seeking attitude etc, are positively related to mental health. Future research can be carried out in such aspects as constructing the MHL evaluation system, exploring the mechanism of its influence, expanding the coverage of research, and strengthening empirical intervention research.

Key words: mental health literacy, concept, measurement, intervention