ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2019, Vol. 27 ›› Issue (12): 2019-2033.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2019.02019

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


张家鑫, 海拉干, 李会杰()   

  1. 中国科学院行为科学重点实验室(中国科学院心理研究所), 北京 100101; 中国科学院大学心理学系, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2019-04-17 出版日期:2019-12-15 发布日期:2019-10-21
  • 通讯作者: 李会杰
  • 基金资助:
    * 科技部国家重点研发计划课题(2015CB351702);国家自然科学基金项目资助(31871143)

Measurement of spatial navigation and application research in cognitive aging

ZHANG Jiaxin, HAI Lagan, LI Huijie()   

  1. Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China; Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2019-04-17 Online:2019-12-15 Published:2019-10-21
  • Contact: LI Huijie


空间导航是日常生活所必需的高级认知功能, 参与空间导航的海马及内嗅皮层等脑区易受到老化的影响并导致结构萎缩或功能紊乱。早期研究多利用动物实验、纸笔测验、现实环境等实验范式考察老年人的空间导航老化特点。由于具有与现实环境相似的场景、兼容磁共振成像扫描以及导航者可以与场景交互等优点, 虚拟现实技术被越来越多地被应用到空间导航的老化研究中, 并进一步揭示了海马等内侧颞叶脑区在空间导航老化中的重要作用。

关键词: 空间导航, 老化, 虚拟现实, 海马, 神经机制


Spatial navigation is an essential high-level cognitive function in daily life. However, the involved brain regions such as hippocampus and entorhinal cortex are vulnerable to aging and result in structural atrophy and functional alterations. Using the experimental paradigms like animal experiments, pencil-paper tests, and real-world navigation, early studies explored the behavioral performance of spatial navigation in older adults. By virtue of having similar scenes with realistic environment, compatible with magnetic resonance imaging scanning, and navigator could have interactions with scenes, virtual reality is increasingly applied in the age-related spatial navigation research, revealing the important role of medial temporal cortex such as hippocampus in age-related spatial navigation studies.

Key words: spatial navigation, aging, virtual reality, hippocampus, neural mechanism