ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (8): 1431-1440.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01431

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    


徐富明1,2;  张 慧2;  马红宇2;  邓 颖2;  史燕伟2;  李 欧2   

  1.  (1江西师范大学心理学院, 南昌 330022) (2华中师范大学心理学院, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-14 出版日期:2017-08-15 发布日期:2017-06-25
  • 通讯作者: 徐富明, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • 基金资助:
     国家自然科学基金面上项目(71571083)资助; 2016年华中师范大学优秀博士学位论文培育计划(2016YBZZ120)资助。

 The poverty problem: Based on psychological perspective

 XU Fu-ming1,2; ZHANG Hui2; MA Hong-yu2; DENG Ying2; Shi Yan-wei2; LI Ou2   

  1. (1 School of Psychology, Jiangxi Normal University, Nanchang 330022, China) (2 School of Psychology, Central China Normal University, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2016-11-14 Online:2017-08-15 Published:2017-06-25
  • Contact: XU Fu-ming, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要:  贫困心理学, 是在心理学视角下研究贫困问题的一种新研究取向, 是心理学在贫困领域的最新运用。现阶段贫困心理学研究主要集中在主观幸福感、心理健康、行为决策等三个方面。贫困文化理论、稀缺理论、自我损耗论分别从贫困文化、稀缺心态以及意志力资源视角解释了贫困产生的心理机制。在摆脱贫困过程中需要打破贫困循环, 未来贫困心理学研究需要进一步探讨贫困的产生机制、神经生理机制, 贫困心理学的本土化研究以及心理学在扶贫工作中的应用等。

关键词:  贫困, 贫困心理学, 主观幸福感, 心理健康, 行为决策

Abstract:  As the latest psychological application in the field of poverty, psychology poverty is a new research approach to poverty through the lenses of psychology. The extant research on the psychology poverty is mainly focused on three areas, which are subjective well-being, mental health, and decision-making. And the poverty culture theory, scarcity theory, and ego depletion theory emphasize explanations on the mental mechanism of poverty by respectively viewing from the perspectives of poverty culture, scarcity mindset, as well as the resources of willpower. In order to break the vicious cycle of poverty and consequently escape poverty, in-depth investigations of the psychology of poverty should be conducted to further explore its mental and neurophysiological mechanisms, its localization, and its application of psychology in term of poverty relief.

Key words:  poverty, psychology of poverty, subject well-being, mental health, decision-making