ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (6): 1003-1011.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.01003

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


 赵 娜;  马 敏;  辛自强   

  1.  (中央财经大学社会与心理学院心理系, 北京 100081)
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-02 出版日期:2017-06-15
  • 通讯作者: 赵娜, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

 Mental mechanism and the influencing factors of meaning in life

 ZHAO Na; MA Min; XIN Ziqiang   

  1.  (Department of Psychology at School of Social and Psychology, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China)
  • Received:2016-04-02 Online:2017-06-15
  • Contact: ZHAO Na, E-mail: E-mail: E-mail:
  • Supported by:

摘要: 生命意义感体验对个体身心健康有重要的影响, 其相关研究也已开始受到心理学各个领域的广泛关注。生命意义感获得与维持的理论研究主要是包括意义感层次模型、意义感构建模型及意义感维持与流动模型。大五人格、心理模拟、积极/消极情绪和亲社会行为是影响个体生命意义感体验的主要因素。未来研究要进一步探讨生命意义感产生的影响因素, 完善相关的理论模型, 并要从时间序列的角度探讨意义感的产生过程, 并对生命意义感获得及维持的跨文化差异进行探讨。

关键词:  生命意义感, 理论模型, 心理机制

Abstract:  A sense of meaning in life has an important impact on individual’s mental health, the studies on which have been widely concerned in many fields of psychology. Three models, the hierarchic model of meaning, the meaning-making model and the meaning maintenance model respectively, are used to explain “what” is the meaning, “when” and “how” the meaning is gained and maintained. Meaning in life is influenced by the Big Five personality, cognitive styles (mental simulation), the state of emotion and prosoical behavior. The future study should pay attention to additional influencing factors of meaning in life and the amelioration of theoretical models of meaning making. Also, it is promising to study the meaning making process from the perspective of time series. Third, cross-culture studies should be taken into consideration as well.

Key words:  meaning in life, theoretical model, mental mechanism