ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (4): 570-585.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00570

• 元分析 • 上一篇    下一篇


项明强1,2; 张力为1; 张阿佩1; 杨红英3   

  1. (1北京体育大学运动人体科学学院运动心理学教研室, 北京 100084) (2广州体育学院运动与健康系, 广州 510500) (3北京体育大学图书馆, 北京 100084 )
  • 收稿日期:2016-05-23 出版日期:2017-04-15 发布日期:2017-04-15
  • 通讯作者: 张力为, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


The influence of ego depletion on sporting performance: A meta-analysis

XIANG Mingqiang1,2; ZHANG Liwei1; ZHANG Apei1; YANG Hongying3   

  1. (1 Sport Psychology Section, Dept. of Sports Kinetics, Beijing Sport University, Beijing 100084, China) (2 Dept. of Sport and Health, Guangzhou Sport University, Guangzhou 510500, China) (3 Library of Beijing Sport University, Beijing 10084, China)
  • Received:2016-05-23 Online:2017-04-15 Published:2017-04-15
  • Contact: ZHANG Liwei, E-mail:


运用元分析方法考察自我损耗对运动表现影响及其调节变量。通过中英文文献搜索, 共纳入31篇文献和37个效应量, 总样本量为1613。结果:(1)总体效应量检验发现, 运动任务中的自我损耗为中等效应量, d = 0.55, 95%CI为[0.39, 0.71]; 由于存在发表偏倚性, 该中等效应量可能会被高估。(2)调节变量检验发现, 自我损耗效应量较少受研究对象来源、研究对象类型和运动任务类型的影响; 但受损耗任务类型和技能型任务中压力情境的影响。(3)执行运动任务时, 主观体力感、心率和肌电等指标不存在自我损耗效应。这些研究结果支持了自我控制的力量模型具有普遍适用性, 自我控制资源的领域普遍性以及自我控制的力量模型与注意控制理论整合的观点。未来研究应严格控制实验条件、拓展运动任务中自我损耗应对和自我控制训练的研究。

关键词: 自我损耗, 运动表现, 自我控制的力量模型, 元分析


This meta-analysis examined the effect of ego depletion, as well as potential moderators, on sporting performance. A search of relevant literature in both Chinese and English databases yielded a total of 31 papers (n = 1613 participants), which were all included in the meta-analysis. The results revealed that: (1) There was a moderate effect of ego depletion on sporting performance (d = 0.55, 95% CI [0.39, 0.71]), although this might be overestimated due to publication bias. (2) The effect of ego depletion on sporting performance was not moderated by the type of participant or sporting task, but was moderated by the type of ego depleting task and stress manipulation used. (3) There was no significant effect found for ego depletion on subjective perceived exertion, heart rate, or EMG activation in the sporting tasks. These findings support the generalizability of Baumeister’s Strength Model of Self-Control, as well as its integration with Eysenck and colleague’s Attention Control Theory. Future research should attempt to standardize the experimental conditions employed, and explore interventions designed to mitigate against ego depletion effects in sport.

Key words: ego depletion, sporting performance, the strength model of self-control, meta-analysis