ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 86-98.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00086

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


窦泽南1; 方 圆1; 周 伟1,2; 乔志宏1   

  1. (1北京师范大学心理学院, 应用实验心理北京市重点实验室, 北京 100875) (2北京邮电大学世纪学院, 北京 102101 )
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-24 出版日期:2017-01-15 发布日期:2017-01-15
  • 通讯作者: 乔志宏, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:


Reward based model and neural mechanism of self-control

DOU Ze-nan1; FANG Yuan1; ZHOU Wei1,2; QIAO Zhi-hong1   

  1. (1Beijing Key Laboratory of Applied Experimental Psychology, School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China) (2 Century College, Beijing University of Posts and Telecommunications, Beijing 102101, China)
  • Received:2016-04-24 Online:2017-01-15 Published:2017-01-15
  • Contact: QIAO Zhi-hong, E-mail:


随着最近几年研究的进展, 对于自我控制的有限资源模型产生了越来越多的争论: 血糖的具体作用机制不清晰, 自我损耗效应重复实验结果的不理想, 没有考虑到个体的信念、意愿等心理因素。在各种竞争模型中, 行为经济学的决策模型, 能够较好地解释行为实验的结果, 也有来自神经机制上的大量研究的支持。未来的研究可以在决策模型的基础上, 对自我控制现象加以研究, 并重点关注自我控制特质的神经机制和来自先天后天的影响因素。

关键词: 自我控制, 自我损耗, 有限资源模型, 奖励模型


The limited resources model (i.e., the Strength Model of Self-control) has been under challenge in recent years. The considerable debate involved the unclear mechanisms of blood glucose, unsatisfying replication results, and the inadequate model lacking psychological factors such as personal willingness and beliefs. Among all other competing models, the reward based model rooted from behavior economics literature offered relatively more plausible explanation in accounting for the results found in behavioral research and the evidence from neuroscience. Based on this model, we suggest that future studies on self-control may further explore the neural mechanisms as well as the nature and nurture factors of trait self-control.

Key words: self-control, ego depletion, limited resources model, reward based model