ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2017, Vol. 25 ›› Issue (1): 67-75.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2017.00067

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇


周 玉; 张丹丹   

  1. (深圳大学心理与社会学院, 深圳 518060)
  • 收稿日期:2016-06-30 出版日期:2017-01-15 发布日期:2017-01-15
  • 通讯作者: 张丹丹, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金(批准号: 31300867)和国家重点基础研究发展计划(批准号: 2014CB744600)资助。

Emotional and social cognitive auditory processing during infancy

ZHOU Yu; ZHANG Dandan   

  1. School of Psychology and Sociology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China
  • Received:2016-06-30 Online:2017-01-15 Published:2017-01-15
  • Contact: ZHANG Dandan, E-mail:


听觉是人类获得外部环境信息的主要感官之一, 对情绪与社会认知相关听觉加工的发展有重要意义。在生命早期, 新生儿、婴儿对情绪语音已有感知、分辨与识别能力并表现出对特定情绪的加工偏好; 对人类语音、母语等带有社会属性声音也产生了加工偏好; 在诸如面孔识别等社会认知能力的发展中, 听觉也起到一定作用, 听觉障碍则影响有关社会认知的发展。建议未来研究有更多纵向设计, 结合多模态成像技术来更好地解决发展性问题。

关键词: 婴儿, 听觉, 情绪, 社会性


Auditory processing is of great significance for individuals to interact with external environment, especially during the development of emotional and social cognition. As we know, individuals are able to hear before birth and neonates can discriminate changes in pitch and latency of sounds in the first days of their life. In this review, we discussed issues on the development of auditory processing of emotional sounds and social voices, as well as the influence of early social experience on this development. First, we introduced three components (perception, discrimination and recognition) involved in the development of emotional cognition. Related studies have shown that infants prefer positive auditory materials in the first half of the year and then they display negativity bias as adults after half-year old. Also, infants show stronger reaction to human voices and native languages compared to non-voice sounds and foreign languages, which might help them to prepare for language learning. Besides, mothers’ voices and the infant-directed speech are more attractive for infants, compared with strangers’ voices and the adult-directed speech. Second, we pointed out that three aspects of social cognition (facial recognition, bidirectional action-effect association, and abnormal development caused by auditory dysfunction) may be significantly influenced by the auditory processing in infants. Third, the theory of emotional and social development was discussed according to experience-expectant and experience-dependent mechanisms. Finally, we suggested that longitudinal designs and multi-modeling imaging studies are urgently needed to clarify the unsolved problems.

Key words: infants, auditory, emotional, social