ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (2): 242-249.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00242

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (陕西师范大学心理学院, 西安 710062)
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-26 出版日期:2016-02-15 发布日期:2016-02-15
  • 通讯作者: 宋国萍, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    陕西师范大学研究生创新基金项目(2015CXS032); 国家级大学生创新训练计划资助项目(201510718023)资助。

The prospect, transfer and expansion of the effort-reward imbalance

CHU Kequn; SONG Guoping   

  1. (School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China)
  • Received:2015-05-26 Online:2016-02-15 Published:2016-02-15
  • Contact: SONG Guoping, E-mail:


付出−回馈失衡工作压力理论(Effort-Reward Imbalance, ERI)是基于社会交换公平的工作压力理论, 从付出、回馈、过度投入三个方面探讨了工作压力的形成机制和作用机理。在对近十几年来有关ERI模型实证研究文献的梳理和分析的基础上, 介绍该理论在多个领域的拓展以及在国内外的新进展, 包括对ERI理论中间变量及前因变量的探索, 研究者们开始将ERI理论迁移到社会的多个领域, 以及ERI理论在中国的检验与创新, 并提出研究展望与付出−回馈动态交叉失衡模型的假设构想。

关键词: 付出−回馈失衡, 过度投入, 工作压力, 理论拓展, 假设构想


Effort-Reward Imbalance (ERI) model has explored the formation and function mechanism of work stress from effort, reward and overcommitment, which based on society exchange theory. We introduces the expansion of the theory in many fields and the new developments at home and abroad based on summarizing and analyzing the empirical research literature relevant to ERI model in resent 10 years, including the exploration of intermediate variable and antecedent variable of ERI model. Researchers begin to transfer the ERI theory to many realms of the society and conduct the inspections and innovations of the ERI theory in China. Finally, we also put forward researches prospect and the hypothesis model: Effort-Reward Dynamic Cross Imbalance model.

Key words: effort-reward imbalance, overcommitment, work stress, theoretical expansion, theoretical hypothesis