ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (7): 1150-1161.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.01150

• 研究构想 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1对外经济贸易大学国际商学院, 北京 100029) (2北京理工大学教育研究院, 北京 100081) (3北京师范大学心理学院, 北京 100875) (4北京理工大学管理与经济学院, 北京 100081) (5美国纽约州立大学布法罗分院社会学系, 纽约州 14222)
  • 收稿日期:2012-12-18 出版日期:2013-07-15 发布日期:2013-07-15
  • 通讯作者: 刘玉新
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金项目(71271055; 71072150), 教育部“新世纪优秀人才支持计划” (NCET-12-0052)。

The Mechanism of New Generation Employees’ Suicide Ideation

LIU Yuxin;ZHANG Jianwei;ZHANG Xichao;WANG Chengquan;ZHANG Jie   

  1. (1Business School, University of International Business and Economics, Beijing 100029, China) (2Graduate School of Education, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China) (3School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 1000875, China) (4School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China) (5Sociology Department, State University of New York, Buffalo, NY14222, USA)
  • Received:2012-12-18 Online:2013-07-15 Published:2013-07-15
  • Contact: LIU Yuxin

摘要: 新生代员工的自杀意念正在引起研究者的关注。本研究立足于职业健康心理学和积极心理学视野, 汲取自我决定理论和生命意义理论的思想精髓以构建“动机-生命意义”模型, 系统考察社会、组织和个体因素对自杀意念的综合影响, 对揭示无精神疾患员工自杀意念产生的影响机制和心理动力机制、促进研究范式从病理取向转向积极取向具有重要的理论价值; 此外, 还有望开发出一套“社会-组织情境→动机→生命意义”干预方案, 引导企业与政府反思其现有管理体系, 帮助管理者审视其管理哲学并改善其管理行为, 针对尚无自杀意念或意念处于萌芽期的员工, 多层次、多途径构建员工自杀的一级防控体系和心理援助机制, 促进员工与企业、社会的整体和谐发展。

关键词: 新生代员工, 自杀意念, 生命意义, 工作压力源

Abstract: New generation mployees’ suicide ideation is arousing the attention of researchers.From the perspectives of Organizational Health Psychology and positive psychology,based on the ideas of Self-determination theory and life-meaning theory, the proposal developed the “Motivation- Meaning of life ” model to explain the comprehensive influences of both social-organizational factors (social exclusion, organizational climate, work stressors and job characteristics, etc) and individual variables on suicide ideation, which will be helpful to disclose the psychological generating mechanisms of suicide ideation of New Generation employees who do not have any mental diseases, and to promote the research paradigms’ changing from pathological approaches to positive approaches, which therefore will be of important theoretical values. Follow the line of “social-organizational environment→ motivation→life Meaning”, an intervention program can be developed to guide both the enterprises and govement to reflect upon their manament philosophies and behaviors, to build the first-level suicide preventing system and psychological assistance mechanism focusing on the employees who do not have any suicide ideation and whose suicide ideation is still at the very early stage, to promote empolyees to develop hormoniously with both the enterprises and the society as a whole.

Key words: new generation employees, suicide ideation, life meaning, work stressors