ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (8): 1331-1339.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01331

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1江南大学人文学院教育系, 无锡 214122) (2淮阴师范学院心理学系, 淮安 223300)
    (3慕尼黑大学心理学系, 慕尼黑 80802) (4苏州大学心理学系, 苏州 215123)
    (5河北师范大学心理学系, 石家庄 050091)
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-04 出版日期:2015-08-15 发布日期:2015-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 张志杰, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助(JUSRP11580); 国家自然科学基金青年项目(31300869)。

Emotional Time Perception: An Embodiment Perspective

JIA Lina1; WANG Lili2; ZANG Xuelian3; FENG Wenfeng4; ZHANG Zhijie5   

  1. (1 Departmentof Education, School of Humanities, Jiangnan University, Wuxi 214122, China)
    (2 Department of Psychology, Huaiyin Normal University, Huaian 223300, China)
    (3 Department of Psychology, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, Munich, Germany)
    (4 Department of Psychology, Suchow University, Suzhou 215123, China)
    (5 Department of Psychology, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang 050091, China)
  • Received:2014-09-04 Online:2015-08-15 Published:2015-08-15
  • Contact: ZHANG Zhijie, E-mail:


具身化情绪是指感受情绪不仅包括知觉, 也包括躯体状态和运动的重新体验(Niedenthal, 2007)。在时间知觉领域, 研究者通过操纵情绪刺激的行动特征、对刺激行动的熟悉性、身体的物理和意识状态、以及身体与环境的交互性等因素揭示了具身化(模拟和行为应对)在情绪性时间判断中的重要作用。情绪具身化的时间效应包括时距的主观延长或缩短以及时间顺序判断中的通道注意偏见等。目前的理论解释主要有内部时钟模型、意识模型和编码效率假设, 但这些理论缺乏具身化调节时间加工的直接机制。未来研究可以进一步探索情绪具身化的跨通道时间调节、具身化的动态时间效应以及时间感知如何影响具身化体验, 同时采用认知神经科学技术揭示情绪、具身化和时间加工连接的神经机制以完善和发展有关理论。

关键词: 情绪, 具身化, 时间知觉, 模拟, 运动


Embodied emotion suggests that perceiving emotion involves not only a perceptual process, but also somatovisceral and motoric re-experience (Niedenthal, 2007). In time perception, recent studies manipulated action feature of emotional stimuli, familiarity of stimuli’s action, body physical state, awareness state of body as well as the interaction between body and environment, and revealed the key role of emotional embodiment indicated by imitation and potential action response on temporal judgment. Time distortions induced by emotional embodiment include duration expansion, duration contraction, and modality-specific bias in temporal order judgment. Internal clock model, awareness model, and coding efficiency hypothesis are mainly used to give explanations, but these views don‘t point out the direct mechanism of how embodiment modulates temporal processing. Future research might further discuss the crossmodal modulation of embodied emotion in time perception, the dynamic changes of embodied timing, the influence of time perception on embodied experience, meanwhile adopted neurophysiological technology to reveal neural mechanisms underlying the linkage of emotion, embodiment, and temporal processing, in order to improve and develop the relevant theories.

Key words: emotion, embodiment, time perception, imitation, action