ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (8): 1319-1327.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.01319

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (华中师范大学心理学院暨湖北省人的发展与心理健康重点实验室; 青少年网络心理与行为教育部重点实验室, 武汉 430079)
  • 收稿日期:2013-12-23 出版日期:2014-08-15 发布日期:2014-08-15
  • 通讯作者: 徐富明

The Origin of Loss Aversion

LI Bin;XU Fuming;WANG Wei;ZHANG Hui;LUO Hanbing   

  1. (School of Psychology, Central China Normal University; Key Laboratory of Human Development and Mental Health of Hubei Province; Key Laboratory of Adolescent Cyberpsychology and Behavior (CCNU), Ministry of Education, Wuhan 430079, China)
  • Received:2013-12-23 Online:2014-08-15 Published:2014-08-15
  • Contact: XU Fuming


损失规避是指由损失引发的负效用大于由等量收益引发的正效用的现象, 其产生根源能够从神经经济学和进化心理学两个方向进行解释。损失规避的脑机制分为两个系统:主观价值评价系统主要包括纹状体和前额皮层, 与主观价值的评估有关; 情绪唤醒系统主要包括杏仁核和脑岛, 与厌恶等消极情绪有关。在进化心理学的视角下, 通过回顾有关动物决策行为的研究来探索损失规避行为的进化历史, 并结合相关进化理论总结该行为产生的进化原因。未来可探索与行为损失规避相关的神经递质, 进一步研究损失规避的产生根源。

关键词: 损失规避, 主观价值评价系统, 情绪唤醒系统, 进化心理学


Loss aversion refers to a phenomenon that the disutility of a loss is larger than the utility of an equivalent gain. Its origin can be explained from the aspects of neuroeconomics and evolutionary psychology. The brain mechanisms of loss aversion are divided into two systems—the subjective value evaluation system mainly including striatum and prefrontal cortex, which is associated with the assessment of subjective value; the emotional arousal system mainly including amygdala and insula, which is related to negative emotions like disgust. Under the framework of evolutionary psychology, the present paper reviews the researches of animal behavioral decision-making to explore the evolutionary history of loss aversion, and then summarizes its evolutionary explanations based on related evolutionary theories. Finally, the deficiencies existing in current research and the directions for future research are discussed.

Key words: loss aversion, subjective value evaluation system, emotional arousal system, evolutionary psychology