ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2014, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (3): 422-430.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2014.00422

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1上海师范大学教育学院,上海 200235) (2 江苏师范大学教育科学学院, 江苏徐州 221116) (3 徐州工程学院宣传部, 江苏徐州 221008)
  • 收稿日期:2013-09-06 出版日期:2014-03-15 发布日期:2014-03-15
  • 通讯作者: 卢家楣
  • 基金资助:

    上海市高校大文科研究生学术新人培育项目(B-6002- 13- 003023)资助。

Emotion-induced Blindness: A Kind of Particular Functional Blindness

CHEN Wuying;LU Jiamei;LIU Lianqi;ZHOU Yangen   

  1. (1 School of Education, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200235, China) (2 School of Educational Science, Jiangsu Normal University, Jiangsu Xuzhou 221116, China) (3 Publicity Department, Xuzhou Institute of Technology, Jiangsu Xuzhou 221008, China)
  • Received:2013-09-06 Online:2014-03-15 Published:2014-03-15
  • Contact: LU Jiamei


功能性视盲是指由于某种原因导致正常的视觉系统出现视觉觉察丧失的现象, 例如变化知盲、注意瞬脱等都属于功能性视盲。情绪诱发的视盲指的是一个与任务无关的情绪性刺激的呈现吸引了注意以致个体无法对快速呈现的靶刺激有所觉察的现象。与注意瞬脱特别是情绪性注意瞬脱相比, 情绪诱发的视盲是以情绪刺激为干扰刺激, 考察情绪刺激如何以自下而上的方式吸引注意并干扰靶刺激的加工, 因此有着自己的特点:它没有lag1节省现象, 也没有像注意瞬脱那样严格的时间窗口限制, 不受干扰刺激与靶刺激物理特征相似程度的限制, 在心理机制上属于早期知觉阶段的加工竞争等等。情绪诱发的视盲表明情绪对注意在时间和空间两个维度上都有吸引或干扰作用。未来可以从考察神经机制、了解影响因素等多方面深化此领域的研究。

关键词: 情绪诱发的视盲, 情绪性注意瞬脱, 情绪, 注意, 功能性视盲


Functional blindness involves the reported loss of visual awareness in the absence of organic reasons to explain the impaired vision, such as change blindness and attention blink, etc. Emotion-induced blindness (EiB) refers to a phenomenon in which the brief appearance of a task-irrelevant, emotionally arousing image captures attention to such an extent that individuals cannot detect target stimuli which present with high speed after the emotional stimulus. The EiB differ from attention blink, especially from emotional attention blink in term of the process being measured and the results. Emotional stimulus is critical distraction in the EiB research and so we can explore how emotional stimulus capture attention and interfere with the process of target stimulus by bottom-up processing. Therefore, blindness induced by emotional stimulus has its own characteristics, such as the EiB has no lag1 sparing, no strict time window as attention blink, not influenced by the similarity between distraction and target stimulus, and the mental mechanism is a competition of perception in early stage. The EiB is a kind of unique research method which could be used to explore the influence of emotion on attention not only in the process of time but also in the position of space. We need do more work for an in-depth study of EiB in the future, including investigating it’s neural mechanism and influential factors.

Key words: emotion-induced blindness, emotional attention blink, emotion, attention, functional blindness