ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2013, Vol. 21 ›› Issue (12): 2110-2117.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2013.02110

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (北京大学对外汉语教育学院, 北京 100871)
  • 收稿日期:2013-02-01 出版日期:2013-12-15 发布日期:2013-12-15
  • 通讯作者: 鹿士义
  • 基金资助:


The Psychological Reality of Formulaic Language

YI Wei;LU Shiyi   

  1. (School of Chinese as a Second Language, Beijing University, Beijing, 100871, China)
  • Received:2013-02-01 Online:2013-12-15 Published:2013-12-15
  • Contact: LU Shiyi


语块是一个大于词的多词序列, 是语言使用者在长期大量的语言接触和语言经验基础之上形成的形式与意义的组合。阅读加工研究和听觉加工研究表明, 语块和词一样也是心理词典的一个单位, 是整体存储加工的, 语块具有心理现实性。未来的研究可以对语块的界定、语块及其成分词的关系、语块的动态发展以及二语者语块的心理现实性问题进行深入的探讨。

关键词: 语块, 心理现实性, 认知加工


Formulaic language is composed of multi-word sequences that are form-meaning pairings stored in the mind of language users as a result of long-term language contact and extensive language experience. Psychological experiments focused on reading and auditory processing provide support for the existence of formulaic language; these studies show that formulaic language is stored and processed as a whole in our mental lexicon in the same way that words are. Future research should involve the following topics related to formulaic language: the identification of formulaic language, the relationship between formulaic language and the component words, and finally, the dynamic development of formulaic language, second language speakers and their formulaic language.

Key words: formulaic language, psychological reality, cognitive processing