ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2015, Vol. 23 ›› Issue (10): 1711-1722.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2015.01711

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1中国科学院心理研究所, 脑与认知科学国家重点实验室, 北京 100101)
    (2中国科学院大学, 北京 100049)
  • 收稿日期:2015-01-09 出版日期:2015-10-15 发布日期:2015-10-15
  • 通讯作者: 刘烨, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    中国科技部国家重点基础研究发展计划973计划项目(2011CB302201), 中国国家自然科学基金委面上项目(61375009)。

The Factors that Influence the Choices of Time Movement Perspectives in Spatial-Temporal Metaphors

ZHENG Weiqi1,2; LIU Ye1; FU Xiaolan1   

  1. (1 State Key Laboratory of Brain and Cognitive Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences,
    Beijing 100101, China) (2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China)
  • Received:2015-01-09 Online:2015-10-15 Published:2015-10-15
  • Contact: LIU Ye, E-mail:


“自我动”和“时间动”在时空隐喻中常被用来表征时间的运动方式, 代表了人们理解个体与时间相对运动的不同视角。大量研究已证实这两种时间运动视角存在心理现实性。人们对时间运动视角的选择受到空间运动经验、情绪、语言与文化、个体差异等具身因素的影响, 反映了时空隐喻理解中视角选择的灵活性。时间运动视角选择的相关研究不仅有助于我们深入认识语言与思维、情感、运动经验等之间的关系, 同时也为具身认知理论提供了进一步的实验证据。

关键词: 时空隐喻, 时间运动视角, 心理现实性, 具身认知


A large number of research has confirmed the psychological reality of two types of spatial- temporal metaphoric systems: the ego-moving metaphor and the time-moving metaphor. They are often used to represent the way how time move and also represent two perspectives people used to comprehend the relative motion between self and time. In daily life, many factors such as spatial motion experience, emotion, language and culture as well as individual differences can influence the individual choice between the two perspectives, which further reflects the flexibility of its cognitive process. Research focusing on detecting further factors explaining which metaphoric system a speaker uses not only enhances our comprehension of the relationship between language and thought, emotion, and sensorimotor experience, but also provides further experimental evidence to embodiment cognition.

Key words: spatial-temporal metaphor, perspective of time movement, psychological reality, embodiment cognition