ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2012, Vol. 20 ›› Issue (11): 1768-1778.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2012.01768

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. 中国科学院心理健康院重点实验室; 中国科学院心理研究所老年心理研究中心, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2012-05-28 出版日期:2012-11-15 发布日期:2012-11-01
  • 通讯作者: 陈天勇
  • 基金资助:


Inhibitory Control and Higher Cognitive Functions

WANG Jun;CHEN Tian-Yong   

  1. (Center on Aging Psychology; Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China)
  • Received:2012-05-28 Online:2012-11-15 Published:2012-11-01
  • Contact: CHEN Tian-Yong

摘要: 近年来抑制控制与高级认知功能关系的研究受到了越来越多的重视。大量实证研究表明, 抑制控制是解释工作记忆、阅读理解、液态智力等高级认知功能个体差异的一个重要机制。脑成像研究表明, 抑制控制与工作记忆和液态智力等高级认知功能都激活了前额叶和顶叶等共同脑区。同时, 认知发展和认知老化, 以及认知干预领域的研究都一致表明, 抑制控制与高级认知功能关系密切。未来研究应注意抑制控制的定义和测量问题, 以及脑机制和训练干预等方面的问题。

关键词: 抑制控制, 工作记忆, 阅读理解, 液态智力, 认知干预

Abstract: In recent years, associations between inhibitory control and higher cognitive functions were emphasized. Cumulative empirical evidence indicated that inhibitory control was an essential mechanism under working memory, reading comprehension, fluid intelligence as well as other higher cognitive functions. Neuroimaging studies also suggested that some common brain areas (e.g. prefrontal lobe and parietal lobe) were involved in inhibitory control and those three higher cognitive functions. Meanwhile, evidence from cognitive development, cognitive aging and cognitive intervention domains consistently showed that inhibitory control was close related with higher cognitive functions. More attention should be paid to the definition and measurement, as well as brain mechanism and training of inhibitory control in the future.

Key words: inhibitory control, working memory, reading comprehension, fluid intelligence, cognitive intervention