ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

Acta Psychologica Sinica ›› 2022, Vol. 54 ›› Issue (1): 25-39.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2022.00025

• Reports of Empirical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Relationship between depression and cognitive reappraisal in 8-12 years old children: the mediating role of attention bias toward sad expression

ZHANG Ni1, LIU Wen1(), LIU Fang2, GUO Xin1   

  1. 1School of Psychology, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029, China
    2Department of Psychology, Ningbo University, Ningbo 315211, China
  • Received:2020-10-30 Published:2022-01-25 Online:2021-11-26
  • Contact: LIU Wen
  • Supported by:
    key projects of Liaoning Provincial Department of Education(WZ2019001)


To explore the relationship between depression and cognitive reappraisal emotion regulation strategies of school-age children aged 8-12 years and its mechanism. Study 1: Questionnaire and behavioral experiment were used to investigate the effect of children's depression on the tendency and ability to use cognitive reappraisal. In Study 2, combined with eye movement techniques, the mediating role of attention bias to emotional information in the relationship between children's depression and cognitive reappraisal was investigated. The results showed that: (1) there was a significant negative correlation between depression and children's cognitive reappraisal tendency; (2) depression had a significant impact on the reappraisal effect of children's downward regulation of negative emotions; (3) difficulties in disengaging attention from sad faces mediated the association between depression and cognitive reappraisal tendency.

Key words: children, depression, the tendency to use cognitive reappraisal, the ability to use cognitive reappraisal, attention bias to sad faces