ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

Acta Psychologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (4): 374-386.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2021.00374

• Reports of Empirical Studies • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Confucian ideal personality traits (Junzi personality) and mental health: The serial mediating roles of self-control and authenticity

GE Xiaoyu, HOU Yubo()   

  1. School of Psychological and Cognitive Sciences and Beijing Key Laboratory of Behavior and Mental Health, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China
  • Received:2019-12-27 Published:2021-04-25 Online:2021-02-22
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(31671159)


Based on the proposition of Confucian classics, this paper proposed the hypothesis that Junzi personality had a positive effect on mental health through the serial mediation of self-control and authenticity and used various methods to examine the hypothesis (total sample size is 1169). Results showed that when measured simultaneously, Junzi personality positively predicted mental health (in Study 1). When measured after 6 months, Junzi personality also positively predicted self-esteem, core self-evaluation, and affect balance but negatively predicted mental symptoms (in Study 4). Junzi personality positively predicted the trait of self-control (in Study 1) and decisions involving self-control (in Study 3 and Study 4), whether in situations provided in the experiment or as were recalled by the participants. Manipulated self-control positively affected both mental health and authenticity (in Study 2), while manipulated authenticity positively affected mental health (in Study 3). Results also provided evidence of the serial mediating effect of self-control and authenticity in the positive effect of Junzi personality on mental health through simultaneous measurement and cross-temporal measurement. In addition, results of experimental manipulation also provided indirect evidence for this. People with a higher level of Junzi personality are better at self-control, thus feel more consistent and connected with their true selves, and therefore have a more positive mental state.

Key words: Junzi personality, Confucianism cultural psychology, mental health, self-control, authenticity