ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

Acta Psychologica Sinica ›› 2021, Vol. 53 ›› Issue (2): 113-127.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2021.00113

• Reports of Empirical Studies •     Next Articles

Meaningful contingent attentional orienting effects: Spatial location-based inhibition and capture

WANG Hui-Yuan1(), CHEN Ai-Rui2, ZHANG Ming3,4()   

  1. 1 Department of Psychology, Changchun Normal University, Changchun 130032, China
    2 Department of Psychology, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215009, China
    3 Department of Psychology, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
    4 Research Center for Psychology and Behavioral Sciences, Soochow University, Suzhou 215123, China
  • Received:2020-03-05 Published:2021-02-25 Online:2020-12-29
  • Contact: WANG Hui-Yuan,ZHANG Ming;
  • Supported by:
    National Natural Science Foundation of China(31871092);“Thirteen Five” Social Science Program of the Education Department of Jilin Province, China(JJKH20181210SK);Humanities and Social Science Foundation of Changchun Normal University([2017] 001);Humanities and Social Sciences Research Program of the Ministry of Education, China(20JYC190002);Social Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province(20JYC008)


In the present study, three experiments were conducted to investigate the attentional orientation effect of meaningful cues in different spatial locations using a cuing paradigm. The results showed that the inhibition effect appeared in the lower visual field and was more significant in the lower visual field and that the capture effect appeared in the upper visual field and was more significant in the higher visual field. Furthermore, the results showed that (1) the meaningful contingency between the objects guided the visuospatial attentional orienting, thereby highlighting the inhibition and capture effects in different visuospatial fields; (2) the nature of the object modulated the meaningful-contingent attentional orienting, thereby showing that the more vivid the object was, the more modulated it was, whereas the more abstract the object was, the less modulated it was; and (3) the meaningful-contingent attentional orienting was performed regularly in different visual fields, thereby highlighting the location-based inhibition and capture from the lower to the upper fields.

Key words: meaningful contingency, attentional orienting, spatial location, inhibition, capture