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  • Table of Content
       , Volume 5 Issue 01 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    For Selected: View Abstracts Toggle Thumbnails
    A PRELIMINARY STUDY OF PROMOTING CREATIVE THOUGHT IN TECHNICAL INNOVATIONS
    PENG JUI-HSIANG
    . 1961, 5 (01): 15-21.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 128 )
    The difficult problems involved in the different stages of the creative process and the ways of their solutions adopted by innovators were analysed. It was noted that comprehension of relations between the Cutting tool of the lathe to be constructed and the object of production, classification of the problems into definite categories, utilization of sketchrepresentations and models, mental provocation through group dicussion etc. facilitated the process of problem solving. From analysis of the innovator's experiences, three principles relating to the creative process were suggested: Thinking must be associated with tentative activity; perceptual impressions associated with logical thinking and learning associated with actual innovation. In the course of development of the technical reform movement, the leaders and organizators of the movement may make use 'of his knowledge of these principles and the above mentioned characteristics of the creative process, so as to arrange more favorable conditions for the promotion and development of creative thought of innovators.
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    THE MENTAL DEVELOPMENT IN CHILD
    CHU CHIH-HSIEN
    . 1961, 5 (01): 22-34.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 95 )
    The present paper deals with some fundamental problems of child psychology in the light of dialectical materialism. Four problems are discussed: 1) The influence of material in the child mental development; 2) The influence of activity; 3) The effect of speech; 4) Internal contradiction (particular contradiction) of clrild's mind and the motive power of the mental development.
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    ENDOWMENT AND ABILITY
    CHANG CHIH-KUANG, PENG JAN-LING
    . 1961, 5 (01): 35-45.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 101 )
    In the light of Marxist philosophy this paper deals with the problem of human ability and endowment. Four problems are discussed: 1) Endowment is an expression of the natural force; 2) Endowment is the natural basis of the development of ability; 3) Ability s the production of social life; 4)Heredltary determinism and environmental determinism are inreconcilable enemies of Marxism.
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    THE ROLE OF PSYCHOTHERAPY IN SPEEDY-SYNTHETIC TREATMENT OF CHRONIC DISEASES
    WANG JING-HUO
    . 1961, 5 (01): 46-52.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 147 )
    This paper summaries the experiences obtained in the speedy-synthetic treatment of the chronic diseases of neurasthenia, peptic ulcer and hypertension in the last two years by the division of medical psychology, Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica. The author points out that under the leading influence of political work to apply the knowledge of medical psychology to mobilize the conscious activity of patients for struggling against the diseases is a new method of psychotherapy, it plays art important role in speedy treatment of the chronic diseases. The author also gives an outline of the theory of psychotherapy.
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    AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF THE RELATION BETWEEN THE UNDERSTANDING OF CAUSALITY AND THE MASTERY OF CAUSALITY CONJUNCTIONS AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF LANGUAGE IN PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN
    KUAN SHU-WEN, WANG HSIEN-TIEN, LIU SUN-CHU, CHENG TSU-HSIN
    . 1961, 5 (01): 53-58.  
    Abstract   PDF (KB) ( 128 )
    The present investigation is an attempt to study the relation between the understanding of causality and the mastery of causality conjunctions and the development of language in pre-school children. The experimental results obtained indicates:1) The understanding of causality and the mastery of causality conjunctions varies with age. Generally 5—6 years old children could master causality conjunctiods and it is difficult for 3—4 years to do so.2) The trend of the understanding of causality by pre-school children is: (a) from the reflection of external causes to the discrimination of latent internal ones; (b) from a global reflection of causal relation to a more differentiated and exact understanding; (c) from references to the concrete cause of the particular phenomenon to the reflection of a more general law.3) The mastery of the causality conjunctions (because... therefore) depends upon the understanding of cause-and-effect relation. It is essential, therfore, for children to understand such relations for the development of language in pre-school children.
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