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心理学报
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汉语阅读中词N+2的预视对高频词N+1 加工影响的眼动研究
白学军;王永胜;郭志英;高晓雷;闫国利
(天津师范大学心理与行为研究院, 天津 300074)
The Preview of Word N+2 Influences the High Frequency Word N+1 Processing in Chinese Reading
BAI Xuejun; WANG Yongsheng; GUO Zhiying; GAO Xiaolei; YAN Guoli
(Academy of Psychology and Behavior, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300074, China)
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摘要 

本研究采用边界范式, 控制单字词N+1的预视加工负荷和词N+2首字的预视信息类型, 探讨了汉语阅读中词N+2的预视对高频单字词N+1加工产生的影响。结果发现, 当词N+1的预视为低加工负荷时, 词N+2首字的预视对词N+1的加工产生了显著的影响; 当词N+2首字的预视字与词N+1正字法相似, 并且只呈现在副中央凹中时, 显著的阻碍了词N+1随后的加工。结果表明, 副中央凹中词N+2能够获得预视加工, 可能获得正字法预视信息并对随后词N+1的加工产生了影响, 并且这种影响受词N+1的预视加工负荷的调节。实验结果符合注意梯度指引模型的假设。

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白学军
王永胜
郭志英
高晓雷
闫国利
关键词 汉语阅读预视效应边界范式眼动    
Abstract

Whether readers can obtain preview information from word N+2 in the parafovea is a key problem for solving the controversy of whether words in the perceptual span are processed in serial or in parallel. Several studies using the boundary paradigm have demonstrated that the preview of word N+2 influences fixations on word N+1 (Kliegl, 2007; Yan, 2010; Yang, 2009; Risse, 2012), but it has not been investigated what kind of preview information drives these effects. The present study used the boundary paradigm to explore the influence of the preview of word N+2 on the processing of word N+1 during Chinese reading. Three experiments are reported. In experiment 1, we manipulated the previews of a single character high-frequency word N+1 and the first character of word N+2. The results showed that fixation durations on word N+1 given an identity preview of word N+1 were significantly longer given an identity compared to non-word preview of word N+2. In experiment 2, we manipulated the previews of word N+1 and the first character of word N+2, and controlled the identity previews of both characters to be orthographically similar. We hypothesized that the orthographic information gained from the first character of word N+2 in the parafovea would affect the processing of word N+1. Our results showed no effect of the N+2 preview. However, due to the orthographically similar character N+2 being available during fixations on both words N and N+1 we were unable to determine if our effect was driven by it being processed far into the parafovea during fixations on word N, or closer to the fovea during fixations on word N+1. To address this possibility we conducted experiment 3. We used the same manipulation as in experiment 2, but ensured that the orthographic similarity between the two characters was only present during fixations on word N. In this experiment there was orthographic overlap between the identity preview of word N+1 and the false preview of word N+2. As such, the orthographic similarity was only present during fixations on word N, rather than both word N and word N+1.Our results showed that when the preview of word N+2 was orthographically similar to word N+1 as opposed to orthographically dissimilar, fixation durations on word N+1 were shorter. Overall, the results showed that the preprocessing of word N+2 significantly influenced the processing of word N+1. The results indicated that orthographic information from word N+2 had been preprocessed in the parafovea during fixations on word N, and that this overlapping information markedly affected the processing of word N+1, such that fixation times were shorter. Therefore, the present study demonstrates that words within the perceptual span can be processed in parallel.

Key wordsChinese reading    preview benefit    boundary paradigm    eye movements
收稿日期: 2013-11-18      出版日期: 2015-02-25
基金资助:

国家自然科学基金项目(81471629)资助。

通讯作者: 白学军, E-mail: bxuejun@126.com; 王永胜, E-mail: jinlongyongsheng@126.com    
引用本文:   
白学军;王永胜;郭志英;高晓雷;闫国利. 汉语阅读中词N+2的预视对高频词N+1 加工影响的眼动研究[J]. 心理学报, 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00143.
BAI Xuejun; WANG Yongsheng; GUO Zhiying; GAO Xiaolei; YAN Guoli. The Preview of Word N+2 Influences the High Frequency Word N+1 Processing in Chinese Reading. Acta Psychologica Sinica, 2015, 47(2): 143-156.
链接本文:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1041.2015.00143      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlxb/CN/Y2015/V47/I2/143
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