Please wait a minute...
   2011, Vol. 19 Issue (12) : 1749-1758     DOI:
研究前沿 |
Subject Preference Effect and Its Cognitive Mechanism
ZHENG Yuan-Yuan;LI Xiao-Qing
Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Download: PDF(188 KB)  
Export: BibTeX | EndNote | Reference Manager | ProCite | RefWorks    

Subject preference is a kind of word-order effect during sentence comprehension, which refers to the following three processing tendency: (a) Ambiguous initial arguments tend to be analyzed as subjects; (b) Initial subjects are easier to process than initial object in unambiguous sentences; (c) Subjects are easier to extract than objects in relative clauses. In the present paper, we mainly discussed three aspect of this preference effect: 1) by analyzing various Indo-European and non-Indo-European languages, we talked about this effect’s particularity and universality; 2) different models of subject preference were discussed, which included the working memory principle, the syntax dependency theory, the prominence principle and the influence of frequent; Third, we also summarized several subject preference-related ERP (Event-related potential) components, and discussed the underlying cognitive processes of each component in the first part; Finally, we pointed out the future directions of subject preference study.

Keywords word order effect      subject preference      the core component of sentence      language comprehension     
Corresponding Authors: LI Xiao-Qing   
Issue Date: 15 December 2011
E-mail this article
E-mail Alert
Articles by authors
ZHENG Yuan-Yuan
LI Xiao-Qing
Cite this article:   
ZHENG Yuan-Yuan,LI Xiao-Qing. Subject Preference Effect and Its Cognitive Mechanism[J]. , 2011, 19(12): 1749-1758.
URL:     OR
[1] QU Fang-Bing;Yin Rong;Zhong Yuan;YE Hao-Sheng. Motor Perception in Language Comprehension: Perspective from Embodied Cognition[J]. , 2012, 20(6): 834-842.
[2] CHEN Qing-Rong. Syntactic Priming: Paradigm and Controversy in Language Comprehension[J]. , 2012, 20(2): 208-218.
[3] FANG Xiao-Ping;LIU You-Yi. The Brain Basis of Syntactic Processing During Language Comprehension[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2012, 20(12): 1940-1951.
[4] WANG Rui-Ming;FAN Meng. The Processing of the Non-target Language in Language Switching for Bilinguals[J]. , 2010, 18(09): 1386-1393.
[5] Wang Lin;Zhang Qingfang;Yang Yufang. The Application of EEG Coherence Analysis
in Language Comprehension
[J]. , 2007, 15(06): 865-871.
[6] Zhou Zhijin (Huazhong University of Sciences and Technology, Wuhan 430074) Chen Yongming, Yang Lixia (Institute of Psychology, The Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101). A REVIEW ON INHIBITION MECHANISM IN LANGUAGE COMPREHENSION[J]. , 2002, 10(04): 375-381.
Full text



Copyright © Advances in Psychological Science
Support by Beijing Magtech