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   2011, Vol. 19 Issue (12) : 1749-1758     DOI:
研究前沿 |
Subject Preference Effect and Its Cognitive Mechanism
ZHENG Yuan-Yuan;LI Xiao-Qing
Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
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Abstract  

Subject preference is a kind of word-order effect during sentence comprehension, which refers to the following three processing tendency: (a) Ambiguous initial arguments tend to be analyzed as subjects; (b) Initial subjects are easier to process than initial object in unambiguous sentences; (c) Subjects are easier to extract than objects in relative clauses. In the present paper, we mainly discussed three aspect of this preference effect: 1) by analyzing various Indo-European and non-Indo-European languages, we talked about this effect’s particularity and universality; 2) different models of subject preference were discussed, which included the working memory principle, the syntax dependency theory, the prominence principle and the influence of frequent; Third, we also summarized several subject preference-related ERP (Event-related potential) components, and discussed the underlying cognitive processes of each component in the first part; Finally, we pointed out the future directions of subject preference study.

Keywords word order effect      subject preference      the core component of sentence      language comprehension     
Corresponding Authors: LI Xiao-Qing   
Issue Date: 15 December 2011
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ZHENG Yuan-Yuan,LI Xiao-Qing. Subject Preference Effect and Its Cognitive Mechanism[J]. , 2011, 19(12): 1749-1758.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2011/V19/I12/1749
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