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Advances in Psychological Science    2020, Vol. 28 Issue (1) : 98-109     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00098
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The characteristics and neural mechanisms of visual orienting and visual search in autism spectrum disorders
CHEN Xiaowen,CAI Wenshu,XIE Tong,FU Shimin()
Department of Psychology and Center for Brain and Cognitive Sciences, School of Education, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, China
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Abstract  

Orienting network is an important part of attention system and it includes two major tasks: visual orienting and visual search. For these two tasks, typically developed group shows similar neural mechanisms. However, from a perspective of attention to non-social information, different behavioral patterns were observed between visual orienting and visual search in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) group. Regarding visual orienting, the consensus is that ASD individuals are intact in attentional shift but have difficulty in attentional disengagement; however, this conclusion is still controversial. Regarding visual search, ASD individuals have superior search ability, but its time sequence and reasons deserves further exploration. Future studies should identify the hemispherical symmetry of ASD individuals in visual orienting task, the underlying mechanisms of visual search advantage, and the relationships between visual orienting and visual search in ASD populations.

Keywords autism      non-social information      visual orienting      visual search      neural mechanisms     
ZTFLH:  B842.2  
Corresponding Authors: Shimin FU     E-mail: fusm@gzhu.edu.cn
Issue Date: 21 November 2019
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Xiaowen CHEN
Wenshu CAI
Tong XIE
Shimin FU
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Xiaowen CHEN,Wenshu CAI,Tong XIE, et al. The characteristics and neural mechanisms of visual orienting and visual search in autism spectrum disorders[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2020, 28(1): 98-109.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00098     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2020/V28/I1/98
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