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Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (8) : 1475-1487     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01475
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Allosatic load and its relationship with socioeconomic health disparities
Yang YANG1,Ling SUN1,Hongchuan ZHANG1(),Silin HUANG2,Xiao ZHU1
1 School of Sociology and Psychology, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing 100081, China
2 Institute of Developmental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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Abstract  

Individuals with lower socioeconomic status (SES) are exposed to more stressful events but have less coping resources compared to those on higher ranks. They are hence more prone to a variety of diseases from the fetus to the elderly. Allostatic load (AL) provides an effective index to such cumulative effect of chronic stress on interconnected biological systems. Research revealed that AL is sensitive to changes in SES. The moderating and mediating factors between SES and AL include environmental risks, social support, psychological characteristics and life style. We propose that investigations on AL may shed light into understanding and intervention of disadvantaged populations in China.

Keywords allostatic load      socioeconomic status      stress      physical and mental health     
ZTFLH:  B849:C91  
  B845  
Corresponding Authors: Hongchuan ZHANG     E-mail: hongchuan.zhang@cufe.edu.cn
Online First Date: 02 July 2018    Issue Date: 02 July 2018
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Yang YANG
Ling SUN
Hongchuan ZHANG
Silin HUANG
Xiao ZHU
Cite this article:   
Yang YANG,Ling SUN,Hongchuan ZHANG, et al. Allosatic load and its relationship with socioeconomic health disparities[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(8): 1475-1487.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01475     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2018/V26/I8/1475
系统 指标 等级
神经内分泌系统 中枢神经系统(CNS) 海马、杏仁核、前额叶皮层
HPA轴 皮质醇、脱氢表雄酮(DHEA-S) 一级
SAM轴 肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素 一级
副交感神经系统
心率变异性指标(HRV):全部窦性心搏RR间期(SDRR)、相邻RR间期差值均方根(RMSSD) 二级
免疫系统 细胞介素 白细胞介素-6 (IL-6)、肿瘤坏死因子-α、胰岛素样生长因子-10 一级
亚临床指标 C反应蛋白(CRP)、纤维蛋白原 二级
心血管系统 收缩压(SBP)、舒张压(DBP)、心率 二级
新陈代谢系统
高密度脂蛋白(HDL)、低密度脂蛋白(LDL)、甘油三酯、糖化血红蛋白(HbA1c)、葡萄糖、胰岛素、白蛋白、肌酸酐、同型半胱胺酸 二级
人体测量学指标 腰臀围比, 身体质量指数(BMI) 二级
  
  
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