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Advances in Psychological Science    2018, Vol. 26 Issue (6) : 1041-1053     DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01041
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Three theoretical perspectives on the origin of depression
CHEN Zichen; ZHANG Huijuan; WANG Xinjian; LÜ Xiaokang()
Department of Social Psychology, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China
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Abstract  

Biomedical approaches to study depression focus on the explanation and intervention of the proximate cause of depression by exploring specific pathogenic genes and neuropathological mechanisms, while the theoretical medical studies of the origin of depression discuss the ultimate historical cause of depression, mainly through theoretical reasoning based on empirical results. Those theories can be classified into three perspectives. First is the evolutionary adaptation perspective, which suggested that depression originates from the adaptive mechanisms coping with evolutionary pressure, represented by the social adaptation hypothesis and the individual adaptation hypothesis. Second is the functional disorder perspective, which assumes that depression originates from the dysfunction of normal moods and emotions, represented by the mismatch explanation and gene distribution explanation. Third is the social culture perspective, which believed that depression originates from social-cultural constructed concepts, represented by the social-cultural construction viewpoint and knowledge development viewpoint. There are different tendencies of the meaning and essence of depression under three perspectives, either of essentialism or constructivism. Theoretical integration and evidence base are needed for developing more comprehensive interpretation frameworks.

Keywords depression      mental disorder      psychiatry      theoretical medicine     
ZTFLH:  R395  
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Corresponding Authors: Lü Xiaokang     E-mail: xkdog@126.com
Issue Date: 28 April 2018
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CHEN Zichen
ZHANG Huijuan
WANG Xinjian
Lü Xiaokang
Cite this article:   
CHEN Zichen,ZHANG Huijuan,WANG Xinjian, et al. Three theoretical perspectives on the origin of depression[J]. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(6): 1041-1053.
URL:  
http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01041     OR     http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/EN/Y2018/V26/I6/1041
理论视角 如何认识抑郁症的? 抑郁症是否是一种客观存在的疾病实体? “抑郁症”现象的本质是什么?
进化适应视角 本质主义 是一种不完全是疾病的实体 进化产物、适应
功能失调视角 本质主义 是一种疾病实体 功能失调、疾病
社会文化视角 建构主义 不是一种疾病实体 一系列由文化联系在一起的生理心理表现
  
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