ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R
主办:中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理科学进展 ›› 2020, Vol. 28 ›› Issue (6): 978-986.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2020.00978

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇

慈悲冥想对利他行为的影响及其认知神经机制

金国敏, 李丹()   

  1. 上海师范大学心理学系, 上海 200234
  • 收稿日期:2019-09-05 出版日期:2020-06-15 发布日期:2020-04-22
  • 通讯作者: 李丹 E-mail:lidan501@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    *上海市教委科研创新计划重大项目(2019-01-07-00-02-E00005)

The effects of loving-kindness and compassion meditation on altruistic behavior and its cognitive neural mechanisms

JIN Guomin, LI Dan()   

  1. Department of Psychology, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234, China
  • Received:2019-09-05 Online:2020-06-15 Published:2020-04-22
  • Contact: Dan LI E-mail:lidan501@126.com

摘要:

慈悲冥想是一类旨在培养对自己和他人无条件的善意与同情的冥想练习方法, 主要包括慈心禅和怜悯禅修。诸多研究表明, 慈悲冥想可以促进练习者的利他行为。就影响机制而言, 慈悲冥想可能是通过增强对他人不幸的共情反应, 促进情绪的有效调控和提高亲社会动机来影响练习者的利他行为。未来的研究需选择更具生态效度的利他行为测量方法, 深入挖掘慈悲冥想影响利他行为的动态神经加工过程, 并尝试将慈悲冥想应用于临床群体。

关键词: 慈悲冥想, 利他行为, 共情, 情绪调节, 亲社会动机

Abstract:

Loving-kindness and compassion meditation is a type of meditation practice that aims to cultivate the unconditional kindness and compassion for oneself and others. Specifically, interventions related to such meditation practice mainly include Loving-Kindness Meditation (LKM) and Compassion Meditation (CM). A large number of studies have demonstrated that LKM and CM can promote practitioners’ altruistic behaviors. By reviewing its mechanisms, LKM and CM seem to influence practitioners’ altruistic behaviors by enhancing their empathetic responses to others’ distress, promoting emotion regulation, and improving prosocial motivation. Future research would benefit from selecting more ecologically valid measurements of altruistic behaviors, further exploring the dynamic neural processes of how LKM and CM influence on altruistic behaviors, and applying the practice of LKM and CM to clinical populations.

Key words: loving-kindness and compassion meditation, altruistic behavior, empathy, emotion regulation, prosocial motivation

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