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心理科学进展  2018, Vol. 26 Issue (6): 1012-1018    DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01012
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音乐句法的内隐习得及其对图式性期待的影响
邓珏1,叶一舵1(),陈言放2
1 福建师范大学心理学院, 福州 350000
2 厦门大学艺术学院, 厦门 361005
Implicit acquisition of musical syntax and its influence on schema expectation
Jue DENG1,Yiduo YE1(),Yanfang CHEN2
1 School of Psychology, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350000, China
2 Art College, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361005, China
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摘要 

音乐句法的习得来源于对音乐图式统计规则的长期抽象, 有赖于日常音乐曝光和统计学习能力, 其在构建音乐心理词典的过程中发挥着重要作用并影响着音乐图式性期待的形成。音乐句法可在无意识曝光中被内隐习得, 而外显的专业训练可能有利于音乐统计学习能力的提升。对ERAN、N5、mCPS等音乐句法相关脑电成分进行研究有助于深入了解音乐句法内隐习得的加工机制。在完整音乐结构背景下, 考察各音乐要素习得之间的交互作用, 将使音乐学习实验更具生态效度, 促进研究成果运用于音乐教学实践。

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邓珏
叶一舵
陈言放
关键词 内隐习得音乐句法统计学习曝光效应音乐期待    
Abstract

The acquisition of musical syntax derives from the long-term abstraction of statistical rules of musical schema, which depends on the daily music exposure and statistical learning ability. It plays an important role in the process of constructing musical mental lexicon and influences the formation of musical schema expectation. The musical syntax has been proved to be implicitly learned with unconscious exposure, while explicit professional training may be conducive to the improvement of music statistical learning ability. The researches of the ENAN, N5, mCPS and other musical syntax-related electroencephalograms help to understand the processing mechanism of implicit learning of musical syntax. Therefore, future studies should examine, in the complete music structure, how the acquisitions of various music elements interact to make music learning experiments more ecologically effective and to promote the application of the research results in music teaching practice.

Key wordsimplicit acquisition    musical syntax    statistical learning    exposure effect    musical expectation
收稿日期: 2017-10-12      出版日期: 2018-04-28
ZTFLH:  B842  
基金资助:* 厦门大学哲学社会科学繁荣计划艺术学院音乐系项目(0120-Y07xXX)
通讯作者: 叶一舵     E-mail: yeyiduo@163.com
引用本文:   
邓珏, 叶一舵, 陈言放. 音乐句法的内隐习得及其对图式性期待的影响[J]. 心理科学进展, 2018, 26(6): 1012-1018.
Jue DENG, Yiduo YE, Yanfang CHEN. Implicit acquisition of musical syntax and its influence on schema expectation. Advances in Psychological Science, 2018, 26(6): 1012-1018.
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http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/10.3724/SP.J.1042.2018.01012      或      http://journal.psych.ac.cn/xlkxjz/CN/Y2018/V26/I6/1012
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