ISSN 1671-3710
CN 11-4766/R

心理科学进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 24 ›› Issue (3): 438-453.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1042.2016.00438

• 研究前沿 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1长江大学教育学院, 荆州 434023) (2福建师范大学教育学院, 福州 350117)
  • 收稿日期:2015-05-25 出版日期:2016-03-15 发布日期:2016-03-15
  • 通讯作者: 叶一舵, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(15YJAZH1 00)和福建省社会科学规划青年项目(2014C082)资助。

The concept, measurement, influencing factors and effects of relative deprivation

XIONG Meng1; YE Yiduo2   

  1. (1 School of Education, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434023, China)
    (2 School of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou 350117, China)
  • Received:2015-05-25 Online:2016-03-15 Published:2016-03-15
  • Contact: YE Yiduo, E-mail:


相对剥夺感(relative deprivation, RD)是指个体或群体通过与参照群体比较而感知到自身处于不利地位, 进而体验到愤怒和不满等负性情绪的一种主观认知和情绪体验。目前, 相对剥夺感的测量模型主要有个体–群体RD与认知–情感RD的二维垂直结构模型、认知–情感RD的双维结构模型、个体–群体RD的双维结构模型以及RD的三维结构模型。影响相对剥夺感的相关因素主要包括人口统计学变量、个体特征变量和社会环境变量。影响效应方面, 相对剥夺感与心理健康、个体行为等个体水平变量以及群际态度、集群行为等群体水平变量的关系是当前关注的焦点。今后研究的重点应包括完善相对剥夺感的概念与结构、注重青少年及特殊群体研究、丰富研究内容和视角、强化纵向干预研究以及本土化和跨文化研究等。

关键词: 相对剥夺感, 心理健康, 个体行为, 群际态度, 集群行为


The concept of relative deprivation (RD) is identified as a kind of subjective cognition and affective experience. It refers to that some individuals or groups perceived themselves at disadvantage circumstances by comparing with the corresponding reference groups, thereby leading them to experience some negative emotions, such as anger and resentment. In previous studies, the main testing models of RD consist of the two-dimension vertical structure model involving individual-group RD and cognitive-affective RD, the dual-dimension structure model of cognitive-affective RD, the two-dimension structure model of individual-group RD, and the three-dimension structure model of RD. In terms of influencing factors, the existing researches have mainly investigated the impacts of demographic variables, individual factors, and social environment factors on RD. As to its outcome variables, previous studies have focused on the effects of RD on interpersonal level outcomes, such as mental health, individual behavior, together with the intergroup level outcomes, such as intergroup attitudes, and collective action. Finally, the improvement of concept and structure research, the study of adolescent and special groups, the broadening of study contents and perspectives, the strengthening of longitudinal and intervention research, as well as localized and cross-cultural research are the trends of study in this field.

Key words: relative deprivation, mental health, individual behavior, intergroup attitudes, collective action