ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2008, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (05): 571-582.

• • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. 北京师范大学心理学院,北京 100875
  • 收稿日期:2007-06-08 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2008-05-30 发布日期:2008-05-30
  • 通讯作者: 陈会昌

A Longitudinal Study of Parent-Child Relationships and Problem Behaviors in Early Childhood: Transactional Models

ZHANG Xiao;CHEN Hui-Chang;ZHANG Gui-Fang;ZHOU Bo-Fang;WU Wei   

  1. School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
  • Received:2007-06-08 Revised:1900-01-01 Published:2008-05-30 Online:2008-05-30
  • Contact: Chen Huichang



关键词: 动态相互作用模型, 父子关系, 母子关系, 问题行为, 儿童早期

Abstract: The relation between parent-child relationships and children’s problem behaviors is complex, with some evidence supporting the influences of parent-child relationships on problem behaviors, and other evidence supporting problem behaviors as an influence on parent-child relationships. While decades of research examined single-directional influences, transactional model, which emphasizes reciprocal influences between children and their surrounding environment, has gradually dominated developmental psychopathology in recent years. However, most transactional analyses of the relations between parent-child relationships and children’s problem behaviors have predominately focused on middle childhood and adolescence, and little attention has been devoted to early childhood. The aim of the present research was to examine the transactional models of parent-child relationships and children’s problem behaviors in their early childhood.
Based on a two-year and three-wave longitudinal study on a sample of 81 preschoolers and their parents, the present research examined the relations of children’s relationships with fathers and mothers to their problem behaviors by using Parent-Child Relationship Scale and Child Behavior Checklist/2~3. Structural equation modeling was applied to investigate the transactional models of parent-child relationships and problem behaviors.
The results showed a moderate continuity of mother-child relationships, father-child relationships, and child withdrawal, anxiety, aggression, and delinquency behaviors across the three waves, βs=0.31~0.69, ps<0.01. The reciprocal relations between mother-child relationships and children’s withdrawal and aggression behaviors, and between father-child relationships and children’s aggression and delinquency behaviors were all supported. Structural equation modeling indicated the model fit indexes showed a good fit. Specifically, on the one hand, mother-child closeness negatively predicted children’s later withdrawal and aggression, and father-child conflict positively predicted children’s later aggression and delinquency; on the other hand, children’s closeness with their mothers were negatively predicted by their prior aggression and delinquency behaviors, their conflict with mothers positively predicted by their prior withdrawal behaviors, their conflict with mothers as well as with fathers positively predicted by their prior anxiety, aggression and delinquency behaviors, and their closeness with fathers also positively predicted by their prior delinquency behaviors.
These findings highlight the importance of examining the transactional processes underlying the development of children’s problem behaviors, and expand the existing research on developmental psychopathology by underlying the transactional models of children’s problem behaviors and their relationships with parents in early childhood

Key words: transactional model, father-child relationship, mother-child relationship, problem behaviors, early childhood