ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2012, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (12): 1663-1676.doi: 10.3724/SP.J.1041.2012.01663

• 论文 • 上一篇    下一篇



  1. (1华中科技大学管理学院, 武汉 430074) (2四川大学工商管理学院, 成都 610064)
  • 收稿日期:2012-04-26 发布日期:2012-12-25 出版日期:2012-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 龙立荣, E-mail:
  • 基金资助:

    国家自然科学基金重点项目(71232001); 国家自然科学基金项目(71002047; 71071064)。

Organizational Injustice Perception and Workplace Deviance: Mechanisms of Negative Emotion and Traditionality

WANG Yu-Qing;LONG Li-Rong;ZHOU Hao   

  1. (1 School of Management, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China) (2 School of Business Administration, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610064, China)
  • Received:2012-04-26 Online:2012-12-25 Published:2012-12-25
  • Contact: LONG Li-Rong

摘要: 采用问卷调查法对341名员工及其同事进行调查, 从情绪和文化传统性视角, 探讨了程序和互动不公正对员工偏离行为的影响及其内在作用机制。结果表明:(1)消极情绪是组织不公正感对员工偏离行为作用的中介变量; (2)传统性对组织不公正感对员工偏离行为的影响作用具有调节效果; (3)使用总效应调节模型对消极情绪在组织不公正感对员工偏离行为的中介效应及传统性的调节作用进行综合性分析, 发现传统性主要在第二阶段, 即消极情绪对员工偏离行为的影响作用上调节效果显著。

关键词: 组织不公正感, 消极情绪, 情感事件理论, 传统性, 员工偏离行为

Abstract: Workplace deviance, a negative extra-role behavior, is commonly regarded as detrimental for both employees and organizations in the workplace. Recently, increasing research interests have been raised by western scholars in this area. Workplace deviance has been studied from various perspectives, the most promising one of which is organizational injustice. Accumulating studies have investigated the mechanisms underlie and processes of the relationship between employees’ perceptions of injustice and deviant behaviors. Despite fruitful findings have been obtained from those research based on the social exchange theory, the mechanisms of affect and emotion have long been neglected and under-studied. Drawing upon the Affective Event theory (AET) framework, the present study initially aims to interpret the mediating role of negative emotion played in the relationship between injustice perception and deviant behavior. Additionally, our second objective is to examine the moderating role of traditionality. More importantly, we integrate the moderating and mediating effects in the same framework, and propose that traditionality exerts stronger moderating effect on the second stage of the mediational model, that is, the relationship between negative emotion and deviance behavior. To avoid the common method bias, a paired survey for employees and their co-workers was used. Questionnaire A included scales of organizational justice perception, negative emotion, traditionality, and workplace deviance was appraised on Questionnaire B. The survey was distributed via MBA students and acquaintances. Participants were asked to appraise one of their familiar coworkers (Questionnaire B), and send the Questionnaire A to the target coworker. In total, 341 dyads of employees and their coworkers from 280 enterprises were sampled. Hierarchical Regression Modeling (HRM) and Total Effect Moderation Model with bootstrap methods were used to test the hypotheses. The results of mediating test showed that, negative emotion acted as a mediator between the relationship of both procedural and interpersonal justice with workplace deviance. In addition, results of total effect moderation model analysis suggested that traditionality significantly moderated the relationship between organizational injustice and workplace deviance in such a way that the negative effect of organization justice on deviance behavior was stronger for less traditional employees. Furthermore, results of the integrative analysis of moderation and mediation indicated that, in line with the expectation, the traditionality significantly moderated the positive relationship between negative emotion and deviant behavior. However, the moderating effect was not significant in the first stage of the mediating process. The results indicate that, facing to injustice treatment, employees would experience negative emotions regardless of their traditionality. However, due to the Chinese culture rule, employees with high traditionality are more likely to prohibit their negative expressions like deviance behavior when received unjust treatments. Our findings contribute to the literature in several ways. First, this research offers a new perspective to study the mediating mechanisms underlie the relationship between justice and workplace deviance in China, and provides an evidence to the AET in China. Second, our result concerning the moderating effect of traditionality contributes to the moderating mechanism between justice and workplace deviance. More importantly, the integration of the mediating and moderating models provide a more comprehensive and elaborative interpretation of the linkage between justice and deviance.

Key words: Organizational Justice, Negative Emotion, Affective Event Theory, Traditionality, Workplace Deviance