ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B

心理学报 ›› 2009, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (10): 1000-1014.

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  1. (1北京师范大学心理学院, 北京 100875) (2北京师范大学应用实验心理北京市重点实验室, 北京 100875)
    (3山西大学心理学研究室, 太原 030006)
  • 收稿日期:2008-09-12 修回日期:1900-01-01 出版日期:2009-10-30 发布日期:2009-10-30
  • 通讯作者: 金盛华;郑建君

The Structure and Characteristics of Contemporary Chinese Values

JIN Sheng-Hua;ZHENG Jian-Jun;XIN Zhi-Yong   

  1. (1School of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
    (2 Beijing Key Lab of Applied Experimental Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China)
    (3Lab of Psychology, Shanxi University, Taiyuan 030006, China)
  • Received:2008-09-12 Revised:1900-01-01 Online:2009-10-30 Published:2009-10-30
  • Contact: JIN Sheng-Hua;ZHENG Jian-Jun

摘要: 本研究以事实驱动作为方法学切入点, 系统研究了中国人的价值观结构及特点等问题。研究采用通过系统编制形成的《中国人价值观问卷》, 对工人、农民、专业技术人员、大学生和中学生五类人群进行了测量。其中, 1100份有效数据的探索性因素分析表明, 中国人价值观是一个8因素结构, 具体包括品格自律、才能务实、公共利益、人伦情感、名望成就、家庭本位、守法从众、金钱权力; 随后对1196份有效数据进行结构验证和信度检验, 结果表明中国人价值观问卷(Chinese Values Questionnaire, CVQ)具有良好的构想效度和信度。同时, 通过对中国人价值观现状的分析发现, 中国人价值观具有“好人定位”特点, 并据此提出相应的理论模型。

关键词: 中国人价值观, 个人发展与维持, 社会发展与维持, “好人定位”模型

Abstract: Although many studies have concerned the values of the Chinese, only a few of these studies have been empirically based, and most of these either borrowed measurements from abroad or used participants who were students or young people. Studies on values in China need to have measures developed in China itself and to build an elaborated model of Chinese values based on research employing a variety of Chinese participants.
Chinese Values Questionnaire (CVQ) was created based on the content analysis of structured interviews of 303 natives of China. The CVQ was then completed by 2296 native Chinese participants including workers, peasants, professionals, college students, and high school students from 12 provinces. An exploratory factor analysis of the responses of 1100 of these participants suggested that there were eight factors, and this structure was confirmed by a confirmatory factor analysis of the remaining 1196 participants. The eight factors were in-tegrity, self-support/respect, public interest, love/happiness, prestige, family/equilibrium, conformity, and mon-ey/power. Reliability coefficients (Cronbach’s a) ranged from 0.74 to 0.86.
The eight factors we found are similar in some ways to other models of Chinese values, but they also differ in ways that reflect the uniqueness of Chinese culture. One aspect of this uniqueness is the tendency for the Chinese to think in terms of the “Good-person,” indicated by higher scores on the integrity, self-support/respect, and public interests subscales. The high fit index and reliability of the eight factor model of Chinese Values suggests that the CVQ may be a good measure of Chinese values.

Key words: Chinese values, individual development and maintenance, social development and maintenance, the Model of Good-person

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