ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 2001, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (4): 13-17.

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汉语双字多义词的识别优势效应

陈宝国;彭聃龄   

  1. 北京师范大学心理系,北京师范大学心理系 北京100875 ,北京100875
  • 出版日期:2001-08-25 发布日期:2001-08-25
  • 通讯作者: 陈宝国

THE EFFECTS OF POLYSEMY IN CHINESE TWO-CHARACTER WORD IDENTIFICATION

Chen Baoguo Peng Danling (Department of Psychology, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875)   

  • Online:2001-08-25 Published:2001-08-25

摘要: 采用词汇判断法、命名法考察汉语双字多义词的识别优势效应。结果发现 ,在词汇判断任务中存在着多义词较单义词的识别优势 ,但这种识别优势只表现在低频词中。在命名任务中未发现多义词的识别优势。作者根据分布表征模型的观点对双字多义词的识别优势效应做出了可能的解释

关键词: 多义词, 单义词, 频率, 词汇判断, 命名

Abstract: The effects of polysemy and word frequency in the identification of Chinese two character word were explored in lexical decision and naming task. According to Modern Chinese Dictionary (1997), eighty ambiguous unambiguous two character word pairs were selected. The first character's pronunciations of these word pairs were the same. Thirty subjects were asked to rate the number of meaning for these words. Based on the rating data, fifteen high frequency ambiguous unambiguous word pairs and fifteen low frequency word pairs were created. In Experiment 1, thirty undergraduate students participated in the lexical decision experiment. They were asked to make a word nonword discrimination for a stimulus appearing on the video monitor by pressing either the word or nonword key. The result showed: in the lexical decision task, there was a significant interaction between polysemy and frequency variables and the polysemy effects were present only for low frequency words. In Experiment 2, twenty six undergraduate students participated in the naming experiment. They were asked to name a word aloud as quickly and accurately as possible. The result showed: in the naming task, there was no polysemy effect both for higher and lower frequency words. By analyzing the items, it was found that the difference of meaning number for high frequency ambiguous unambiguous words were less than for low frequency ambiguous unambiguous words. The less difference of meaning number for high frequency ambiguous unambiguous words may be the reason why there was nopolysemy effect in the identification of high frequency Chinese two character words in lexical decision task. In naming tasks, the null effects of polysemy may be explained as (1) the pronunciation of two character words can begin at the moment of accessing the first character's sound of two character words. The characteristic of two character word's pronunciation resulted in the weak influence of semantic features on the retrieval of pronunciation of two character words. (2) For the items, the first character's pronunciations of ambiguous unambiguous word pairs were the same. The same pronunciation of the first character may also result in the null effects of polysemy during the naming of Chinese two character words.

Key words: ambiguous word, unambiguous word, frequency, lexical decision, naming