ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 94-100.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

果蝇的学习和记忆

徐秉?   

  • 出版日期:1990-12-25 发布日期:1990-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 徐秉?

LEARNING AND MEMORY IN DROSPHILA

Xu Bingxuan   

  • Online:1990-12-25 Published:1990-12-25

摘要: 国外一些科学家设想,神经系统获得和储存信息的能力很可能编录于基因。如能引起单个基因突变,导致学习和记忆能力的变化,那么,从遗传、生化和行为上来研究这种变化,确定相关的基因及基因产物,从而有可能阐明学习记忆的分子机制。这些研究开辟了学习记忆神经生物学基础研究的一个全新的探索领域。果蝇正好是进行这项研究的合适材料。本文分三部分叙述这一研究概况,一,学习记忆有缺陷的果蝇突变型的一般描述;二,突变型的分子损伤;三,问题讨论(包括,1,学习记忆有缺陷的突变型的定义;2,对学习记忆影响的普通性;3,机制的考虑。)

关键词: NULL

Abstract: Some researchers suggest that the ability of acquiring and storinginformation in the nervous systsm should be coded by genes. If certainsingle gene mutation on learning and memory can be dissociated, thenone might identify the gene and their products and thus elucidate the mo-lecular mechanism of learning and memory. Drosophila fits very well tothis research. This research has opened a complete new area in the studyof the neurobiological basis of learning and memory. This article is divided into three parts. The first part narrates themutants with defects in learning and memory. The second part ismolecular lesion. The third part includes three topics. 1.The definitionof mutant with defects in learning and memory. 2.The generality of theeffects on learning and memory. 3. The exploration of mechanisms.

Key words: NULL