ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 72-78.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

关于婴儿情绪性的分化实验研究—气质的情绪性特征在不同情绪中的表现是一致的吗?

刘小冬;孟昭兰;吕卫平   

  1. 北京大学 ,北京大学 ,北京大学
  • 出版日期:1990-12-25 发布日期:1990-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘小冬

IS THERE ANY CONSISTENCY OF EMOTIONALITY MANIFESTATION AMONG DIFFERENT EMOTIONS?

Liu Xiaodong;Meng Zhaolan;Lu Weiping Beijng University   

  • Online:1990-12-25 Published:1990-12-25

摘要: 本实验以情绪反应的潜伏期和持续时间为情绪性特征的指标,测量了30名婴儿的四种基本情绪的情绪性特征。因素分析的结果表明,这四种情绪的情绪性特征之间没有一致性。这意味着在气质测量中应以分化的情绪性维度代替笼统的情绪性维度。同时,本实验还测量了生理指标HRV,并将其和表情指标做了比较。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: This study was designed to examine the hypothesis implied in manyearly temperament theories that the manifestation of emotionality wasconsistent among different emotions. A sample of 30 twelve months oldinfants were measured on some facial expression variables including latencyand duration of four kinds of primary emotions (i. e.happiness,interest,anger, and fear) elicited in an experimental situation. In addition, theheart rate variability (HRV) was also measured during the process ofemotion responses. After using factor analysis method,we did not find any consistency ofemotionality between any two of the four kinds of primary emotions.This result suggested that emotionality should be measured separately forTeach primary emotion. With regard to the HRV,we found a consistencyof emotionality between two positive emotions and between two negativeemotions,but no consistency between positive and negative emotions. Wedid not find any significent correlations between facial expression indexand physiological index.

Key words: NULL