ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 34-42.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

特殊青少年感觉寻求特质的研究

张雨青;陈仲庚   

  1. 中国儿童发展中心,北京大学心理系 北京
  • 出版日期:1990-12-25 发布日期:1990-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 张雨青

AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE SENSATION SEEKING TRAIT OF SPECIAL TEEN-AGERS

Zhang Yuching;Chen Zhonggeng Child Development Center of China Psychology Department of Beijing University   

  • Online:1990-12-25 Published:1990-12-25

摘要: 本文对优秀少年、少年犯和普通少年进行了感觉寻求特质、认知复杂性、棒框测验和心率的研究。旨在检验和证实F.Farley的有关理论:高感觉寻求者由于寻求刺激方式的不同而具有两种不同的行为倾向;并深入探讨不同少年的认知和生理特点。实验结果表明,少年犯和优秀少年比普通少年具有更高的感觉寻求倾向。优秀少年和少年犯寻求刺激的方面是不同的。优秀少年的认知复杂性分数较高,并倾向于场独立性特征,对新异刺激倾向于朝向反射特点;少年犯则具有较低的认知复杂性和场依存性特征。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: This paper examined the Sensation Seeking trait, Cognitive Complex-ity, the Rod and Frame Test and the Heart Rate for superior teen-agers,juvenile delinquents and general teen-agers. The major objective is toverify F.Farley's theory and to go further into the cognitive and physiolog-ical characteristics. Farley's theory is that high sensation seekers possesstwo behavior completely opposed as a result of their different stimulationseeking ways. The results of the experiment were that juvenile delinquents and superiorteen-agers possess high sensation seeking trend compared to the generalteen-agers; the stimulative ways that the superior teen-agers and the juv-enile delinquents seeking were different; the superior teen-agers scoredhigher in cognitive complexity, tending to Field-Independence andstronger orienting reflex to novel stimulation, whereas the juvernile del-inquents displayed cognitive simplicity and Field-Dependent charaeter-istics.

Key words: NULL