ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1990, Vol. 22 ›› Issue (4): 11-20.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

中澳两国儿童社会观点采择能力的跨文化对比研究

方富熹;齐茨   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所 ,澳大利亚纽卡索尔大学心理系
  • 出版日期:1990-12-25 发布日期:1990-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 方富熹

A CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL PERSPECTIVE TAKING IN CHINESE AND AUSTRALIAN CHILDREN

Fang Fuxi;Daphne M. Keats Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica Department of Psychology the University of Newcastle, Australla   

  • Online:1990-12-25 Published:1990-12-25

摘要: 本研究以中国寓言图画故事为刺激材料,通过个别询问,探查了中澳4至7、8岁儿童的社会观点采择能力及对个性特征的认知发展。结果表明,尽管两国被试来自不同的文化和社会背景,但显示出大致相同的发展顺序和认知特点,在发展水平上,中国儿童高于澳大利亚儿童,这可能跟刺激材料的内容和性质有关。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: A traditional Chinese children's story, "The Master and the Wolf",was used to create stimulus material to examine social perspective takingin Chinese and Australian children. The children were 4, 5, 6, 7, and 8years of age, with 30 in each age group. The results showed that though the subjects came from different soc-ial and cultural background, the order of acquisition of the concepts wassimilar in each culture: 1. Asimple elemantary perspective taking was first developed in pre-schoolers. For instance,they could take another person's visualperspectiveinto account, they could differentiate their own view from the other's,or one person's from the third person's, but they did not know that theproperties of thought had to do with the recursive nature potentiallyuntil they reached middle childhood. 2. For evaluating personalities in the characters of the story,the pre-schoolers first developed a general global stereotyped idea in terms ofthe circumstances and extrinsic behavior of characters. They could notmention the personality traits until the age of 7 or 8. 3. There were no significent differences between male and femalesubjects in both countries for the above acquisition. However, the levels of acquisition in Australian children was delay-ed at least one to two years compared with Chinese children. This diver-gence might partly be attributed to the effects of different social environ-ment they live in and the material conteat they are familiar with.

Key words: NULL