ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1983, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (3): 88-94.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

学前儿童视、触大小知觉实验研究

韩凯;林仲贤   

  1. 北京大学 ,中国科学院心理研究所
  • 出版日期:1983-09-25 发布日期:1983-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 韩凯

DISCRIMINATION OF SIZE BY SIGHT AND TOUCH IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Han Kai (Department of Psychology,Beijing University) Lin Zhong-xian (Institute Psychology,Academia Sinica)   

  • Online:1983-09-25 Published:1983-09-25

摘要: 本实验探讨了3—6岁学前儿童的视、触大小知觉的发展规律及视、触不同感觉道在大小知觉中的相互作用。结果表明:无论哪一个年龄组的儿童均以“视—视”条件的大小知觉结果最优,其次是“触—触”条件的结果,而“视—触”及“触—视”的结果均较差。本文结果否定了认为交叉感觉道(“视—触”、“触—视”)对大小知觉的辨别与单一感觉道(“视—视”,“触—触”)没有差异的看法。实验结果还表明了,学前儿童的视、触大小知觉有其发展变化的特点。单一感觉道(视—视”,“触—触”)的大小知觉的准确性随着年龄的增长而提高;交叉(不同)感觉道(“视—触”,“触—视”)的大小知觉的准确性在5岁阶段为高峰期,6岁后便开始有所下降。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: The experiment was designed to investigate whether the accuracy ofsize discrimination differs when the discrimination is made in only one sense(Sight or Touch) from those made across two senses of sight and touch inpreschool children.80 preschool children aged 3—6 years old acted assubjects in this experiment.There were four percepual conditions to beinvestigated for variations in degree of accuracy,such as (a) "Sight-Sight"(b) "Touch-Touch" (c) "Sight-Touch"and (d) "Touch-Sight".The resultsindicate that,there was a significant difference between these fourconditions.The most accurate condition of size discrimination was found in"Sight-Sight"condition,the next was "Touch-Touch".The least accuratewas found in the cross modal condition,"Touch-Sight"and "Sight-Touch".The accuracy of discrimination for "Sight-Sight"and "Touch-Touch"increases with age in preschool children,and the peak accuracy ofdiscrimination in the cross modal condition was found in 5 year old children.

Key words: NULL