ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1980, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 64-75.

• • 上一篇    下一篇

材料数量与呈现速度对视、听同时瞬时记忆的影响

叶绚;曹日昌;陈光山;叶顺和   

  1. 中国科学院心理研究所 ,中国科学院心理研究所 ,中国科学院心理研究所 ,中国科学院心理研究所
  • 出版日期:1980-09-25 发布日期:1980-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 叶绚

THE INFLUENCE OF LENGTH OF MATERIAL AND PRESENTATION RATE ON SIMULTANEOUS VISUAL AND AUDITORY IMMEDIATE MEMORY

H.Yeh;J.C.Tsao;G.S.Cheng;S.H.Yeh(Institute of Psychology, Academia Sinica)   

  • Online:1980-09-25 Published:1980-09-25

摘要: 视、听材料同时识记、瞬时记忆效果并非普遍降低。材料数量影响视、听同时瞬时记忆效果的变化及其方向;无意义联系汉字数量超记忆广度时,视、听同时瞬时记忆相对效果与非同时识记相比提高。材料数量也影响视、听同时瞬时记忆的相对优势及重现方式。这些结果倾向于表明,材料数量在记忆广度内及超记忆广度时,视、听同时瞬时记忆的组织加工不同。呈现速度只影响记忆优势及重现方式。根据多项分析,可以认为视、听通道标签是组织视、听同时瞬时记忆最鲜明的标签,经过识记5个视、听同时字表,视、听同时识记效果有提高趋势。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: Synchronous presentation of visual and auditory wordpair of different lengths(2-16 words) and in different presentation rates (1″,0.5″) were usedfor simultaneous memorization. The results indicated that, in comparison with control tests (singlechannel), the efficiency of simultaneous memorization of visual and auditoryword-pair is lower, the № of errors is greater when only one word-pair istested; the efficiency of simultaneous memorization either becomes greateror shows no change and the № of errors becomes less as the amount oflearning material is increased around the sum of memory span; the efficiencyof simultaneous memorization is higher, the № of errors is less as the amountof words exceeds the sum of memory span. The variations or reaction time and the variations of the efficiency ofsimultaneous memorization were related (under some conditions of materialwas either at the short or long section). Visual immediate memory predominates as the amount of V-A words isless than the sum of memory pan; auditory immediate memory predominates as the amount of learning material exceeds the sum of memory span. The analysis of the order of recall, the difficulty of discovering theinserted meaning ful connection between V-A words even there were nomeanignful connections within channel and the comparison of the relativelarge № of errors of displacement with the much lesser amount of confusionbetween V-A words revealed that the tag of sensory channels is the mostsalient processing tag. The direction of the variation of the efficiency ofsimultaneous immediate memory and the variation of memory dominanceseemed to show that the processing of simultaneous immediate memory isdifferent according as the amount of laarning material is below or exceedsthe sum of memory span. The influence of presentation rate is relatinely slight. The results also inclined to indicate that practice may elevate theefficiency of simultaneous memorization.

Key words: NULL