ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1980, Vol. 12 ›› Issue (3): 12-19.

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关于智力的本质

吴天敏   

  1. 北京大学
  • 出版日期:1980-09-25 发布日期:1980-09-25
  • 通讯作者: 吴天敏

THE NATURE OF INTELLIGENCE

Wu Tian-min(Beijing University)   

  • Online:1980-09-25 Published:1980-09-25

摘要: 智力这个概念长期以来缺乏一个公认的定义,作者根据当代的材料尝试提一个定义,供讨论。这个定义是:智力是脑神经活动的针对性、广扩性、深入性和灵活性在任何一项神经活动和由它引起并与它相互作用的意识性的心理活动中的协调反映。

关键词: NULL

Abstract: This paper is simply to hurry psychologists who are interested in mental tests to end up the long history of the lack of a general definitionof INTELLIGENCE by presenting a viewpoint concerning it as "a piece ofstone that might earn me pieces of jade". We can hardly expect that intelligence can be explained with anytheory of a bundle of abilities or a bundle of tiny fragments, for intellige-nce is a unitary psychological phenomenon. It is believed that intelligence is the coordinating reflection of certaincharacteristics such as keeping the aim, associating widely and deeply, andthe flexibility of the cortical activities which transforms immediatly into itscorresponding psychological activities characterised by differences in intel-ligence as a result of various interactions. Whether the dendritic spines in the cortex are the physiological basesof intelligence needs further research.

Key words: NULL