ISSN 0439-755X
CN 11-1911/B
主办:中国心理学会
   中国科学院心理研究所
出版:科学出版社

心理学报 ›› 1964, Vol. 8 ›› Issue (4): 88-98.

• • 上一篇    

猿猴識别环境中重复的规律现象的初步研究

刘世熠 ;袁傅照 ;林德亮   

  • 出版日期:1964-12-25 发布日期:1964-12-25
  • 通讯作者: 刘世熠

THE IDENTIFICATION OF SIMPLE “BINARY DIGITS” IN MONKEYS

LIU SHIH-YIH, YUAN CHWAN-CHAO, LIN TEH-LIANG   

  • Online:1964-12-25 Published:1964-12-25

摘要: <正> 問題 識別环境中重复的規律现象的研究是探討猿猴抽象概括能力的重要途径,簡单“二进位制”数字的应用又无疑是研究猿猴識別环境中重复的規律現象的重要“模型”,但可惜截至目前为止,上述“模型”基本上尚是未被开垦的处女地。二进位制用数值2为基数,每一位仅有“0”或“1”二个数中的任一个数,因此二进位制可以用N_2=K_02~0+K_12~1+……K_n2~n来表示(K_0…A_n可以是0或1)。我們在生活中习慣用十进位制,近代电子计

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Abstract: Twelve adolescent monkeys——3 Macacus Rhesus, 2 Macacus Nemistrinus, 3 Lyssodes Speciosus melli, 1 Macacus Irus, 1 Papio Hamadryas, 1 Mandrillus Sphinx and 1 Cebus Albifrons——were used to investigate the identification of recurrent regularity ("10" of binary digits, which is equivalent to "2" of decimal digits) of the environment. The monkeys were tested in a modified WGTA. The stimuli used were identical rectangles. The Ss were first trained on two-response "10" and then on extension of "10" series of 4, 6 and 8 responses. In all phases of testing the criterion of mastery was 80% correct responses in 2—3 successive trials. The principal findings were as follows:(1) Method of "extension" showed that the monkey could master the acquisition of the model of "10" of binary digits.(2) Slow original learning was the essential basis of fast identification of recurrent regularity of the environment.(3) During learning the Ss exhibited definite regularity of pattern of responses. Every new extension of "10" was easily mastered, but "1" signal of the new extension was always interfered with the previous "0" signal.(4) There was no exhibition of "spontaneous alternation" during "single-alternation" learning based primarily on visual discrimination responses in monkeys.

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